FIGURE GROW COURSE

Natural Fuller Firmer Larger Breasts

Finally! Get The Results You Deserve!

Are you frustrated that nature has given you less than ample breasts compared to other voluptuous women? Perhaps you are dying to look good in that sexy dress but somehow it does not quite “fill up”? Many women are embarrassed because they have flat or small breasts. They feel nervous shame when it’s time to wear a party suit—or when they see the plunging necklines on other women. Other women who used to have large, full breasts may be dismayed to find them sagging after childbirth

Don’t despair because you are about to join the herbal breast enhancement treatment of women who have discovered that it is possible to possess sexier, bigger breasts without burning a hole in their pockets or resorting to gimmicks.

Thanks to significant advances in the botanical sciences, it is now possible for you to own voluptuous breasts naturally and permanently without risky and expensive surgery. You just need to know the FDA approved herbs that will let your develop traffic-stopping breasts.

FIGURE GROW COURSE Is the Natural Remedy For Hormonal  Balancing And Breast Enhancement!

 

FIGURE GROW COURSE was originally formulated by a world-famous herbal scientist.  From the latest research about the relationship between women’s health and breast enhancement, it is established that women experience many radical hormonal changes during the onset and cycles of menstruation, pregnancy and menopause, and they need to be mindful of how to use herbs to alleviate these hormonal ups and downs that affect them emotionally, physically and psychologically throughout their lives. In helping many of these women learn to use herbs for hormonal balancing, a significant discovery was made. A discovery that would be life-changing for thousands of women throughout the world. This discovery could save untold numbers of women from the possible horrors and misery of the radical and irreversible effects of breast implant surgery.

Many scientists, researchers and herbalists believe that hormone imbalances can actually lead to poor bust development as well as problems such as sagging and shrinking with age or pregnancy. FIGURE GROW COURSE is a revolutionary new breakthrough in specifically treating these problems naturally and provides a natural alternative to harmful drugs and surgery.  FIGURE GROW COURSE is a remarkable all-natural and safe herbal formula which contains a proprietary combination of herbs. These herbs are traditionally known for their ability to balance female hormones and promote breast size and firmness.

FIGURE GROW COURSE provides safe, visible, and extraordinary results without adverse side effects! The FIGURE GROW COURSE formula is an all-natural, 100% herbal product containing a proprietary combination of herbs traditionally used for natural female hormonal balancing.

Can I really add centimeters to my bust line?

 

Certainly! You really can achieve the fuller, shapelier breasts you’ve always wanted. All it requires is a desire to change your look, and due diligence in taking your FIGURE GROW COURSE as directed! Achieve a three to six centimeters increase, or one to two cup sizes, in just a few months, up to a maximum of three cup sizes in six to nine months! FIGURE GROW COURSE enhancing formula will quickly, inexpensively and permanently take you from A to B to C, with no negative side effects, by stimulating the growth of firmer, fuller breast tissue. With Beauty Bust, the size of your new bra is literally up to you.

100% Natural, affordable, breast enhancement without surgery…

  • Natural-looking and feeling results – no plastic, no implants!
  • Healthier, fuller breasts in the first.
  • Month of use.
  • A size increase of one, two, even three .
  • Cup sizes in three to nine months.

Natural-looking and feeling results – no plastic, no implants!

How does natural breast enhancement work?

When a young woman goes through puberty, her system naturally produces estrogens unique to breast tissue development. During puberty, the amount estrogens produced by the pituitary gland dictate the size, shape and fullness of the breasts. During her adult life, a woman’s breasts will constantly change in shape and size, mainly due to the constantly shifting female hormonal system.

When a woman is pregnant, her body resumes production of these hormones to enable fluid (milk) retention. However, this cell growth is only temporary.

In order for optimal tissue development to occur, this delicate female hormonal system must be brought into perfect balance. FIGURE GROW COURSE Herbal Breast Enlargement Formula safely stimulates mammarial tissue growth without promoting milk production.

Flat Chested? Get Bigger Breasts!

During puberty, some women’s breasts don’t develop much. Flat-chested women generally have very little breast tissue. Nipples appear swollen or elevated. All other sexual functions, including menstruation and pubic hair, develop and proceed normally it’s only the breasts that are affected.

If you’re flat-chested, you are not abnormal or malformed. Your breasts can still make milk and you can nurse children, but your breasts can’t store as much milk so you will likely have to nurse more often.

Our society places so much emphasis on big breasts – what’s a flat-chested woman to do? Having a small chest can be embarrassing in our sex-oriented culture where big breasts are adored and emphasized, and flat-chested women slighted or ignored.

There are a few methods for increasing breast size:

  • Breast implants. Of course these are very expensive and tied to health problems too numerous to mention.
  • Get pregnant. Flat-chested women usually get a temporary increase in breast size during pregnancy.
  • FIGURE GROW COURSE the only safe and effective herbal product that’s guaranteed to help flat-chested women gain 1-3 cup sizes.

Say Goodbye to Your Flat Chest!

 

FIGURE GROW COURSE has worked for thousands of flat-chested women. If you want all the benefits of a larger bust without the pain and expense of surgery, and without all the complications of pregnancy, FIGURE GROW COURSE can help.

How It Works?

 

FIGURE GROW COURSE works by affecting and balancing the female hormones responsible for depositing breast tissue. Hormone imbalance during puberty is the cause of flat chests and flat-chestedness in teens. In older women, these imbalances can lead to sagging breasts.

Not only will FIGURE GROW COURSE help you get larger breasts, it also helps reduce PMS, increase libido and improve your mood and well-being: all through hormonal balance.

FIGURE GROW COURSE makes you happier and healthier – and gets rid of that flat chest.

Flat Chested, No More!

 

All-natural ingredients work gently on your body. Within a few weeks, you should notice results. Within a few months, you’ll be flat chested no more. Get FIGURE GROW COURSE today and say goodbye to your flat chest.

Get ready to go bra-shopping! With your new confidence and beauty, you’ll be irresistible to the opposite sex. Do it for your loved ones – do it for yourself.

Why do some women have small breasts?

Whether the breast is small or large can only be decided if considered according to the body proportions. In women who themselves are thin, the breasts will naturally be small. Unless she gains some weight herself, increasing her breast size by artificial methods will only make them look out of proportion to the rest of the body.

After surgery to remove a lump.

Can i do anything to increase my breast size?

Thin women with small breasts can increase their breast size merely by gaining some weight. Otherwise there is no known preparation, exercise plan, or mechanical device that can affect breast size. Then again, if you are already on the heavier side and put on more weight, breasts may still appear smaller. Small sized breasts do not matter; it is the embarrassment on your face that shows.

If you want your breasts enlarged, see herbal treatment. Our herbal treatment called Figure Grow course is the only way to increase breast size to any significant degree. Implanted breasts feel firmer than normal breasts, especially if you have little breast tissue of your own. The more tissue over the implant, the more natural it feels. The same procedure is used in part of the relief for breast sagging.

Causes of Small Breast

  • Female sex hormones deficiency i.e. estradiol in body due to many of the below mentioned causes as leading to absence of estrogen production (hypogonadotropic hypogonadism). Craniopharyngioma, Germinoma, Hamartoma, Hand Schuller Christan disease, Teratoma, Endodermal, sinus tumors, metastatic carcinoma, Infection and other disorders : Tuberculosis, Syphilis, Encephalitis/meningitis, sarcoidosis, kallmann syndrome, idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, Chronic debilitating disease, Pituitary other hormone-screening pituitary tumors (ACTH, thyrotropin-stimulating hormone, growth hormone), non-functional tumors (craniophyaryngioma), Metastatic carinoma, Space-occupying lesions : Empty sella syndrome, Arterial aneuysm, Necrosis : Sheehan syndrome, Panhypopituitarism, Inflammatory /infiltrative : Sarcoidosis, Hemachoromatosis. Gonadal agenesis, Gonadal dysgenesis, Turner syndrome 45, X, Mosaicism, Pure gonadal dysgenesis, 46, XX, 46,XX (Swyer syndrome), Ovarian enzymatic deficiency as 17a-Hydroxylase deficiency, 17, 20-Lyase deficiency, Premature Ovarian failure : Idiopathic – premature menopause, injury, mumps oophoritis, radiation, chemotherapy, Resistant ovary (Savage syndrome), Autoimmune disease, Galactosemia.
  • Second cause for small breast is resistance of breast tissue to normal level of female hormone in the body. So that even though female hormone is normal in the body, but the breast tissue of these girls do not have sufficient receptors for female hormone leading to insufficient estrogen action meaning that female hormone is unable to work & breast do not grow well. But when female hormone level is further increased by female hormone replacement treatment & certain more medicines are given so that female hormones becomes more effective on breast, then breast tissue starts growing. Breast size then fully normalizes in six months to one-year time.
  • Growth factor deficiency
  • Zinc Deficiency
  • Estrogen biosynthetic defects
  • Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
  • Congenital absence of breast bud
  • Lipoatrophy generalized.
  • Ninth Cause is resistance of hair roots to normal level of male hormones, in this disorder male hormone is normal in blood even then hair root do not grow because in hair root there is less male hormone receptor (i.e. sensor of male hormone) so that male hormone is unable to work & hair do not grow well. But when male hormone level is further increased by male hormone replacement treatment & certain more medicines are given so that male hormones becomes more effective on hair roots, then hair roots starts growing. Beard & moustaches then fully normalizes in six months to one-year time.
  • Absence of estrogen receptors in breast tissue.
  • Growth hormone deficiency due to hypopituiarism, pituitary disorders.
  • Progeria
  • ectomy
  • Structural Defects Of body fat cell so that they do not grow.
  • Generalized hypoplastic syndrome.
  • Dysmorphic Syndrom

More information about flat chests

Research has found that fat storage in the breast’s connective tissue, which determines whether you are flat chested or not, occurs most efficiently with the appropriate balance of Estrogen, Progesterone, Prolactin, Human Growth Hormone and GF Compounds. GF Compounds are hormone-like substances produced by the breasts. A lack of these compounds can lead to underdevelopment of a woman’s breasts during puberty – hence, flat chestedness. After puberty when the body ceases to produce a significant amount of GF Compounds, breast growth ends.

FIGURE GROW COURSE natural herbal formula stimulates changes in the concentration and levels of these hormones, increases the levels of GF compounds and results in the storage of new fat in the breast’s connective tissue. Perfect Curves unique and revolutionary formula and blend of herbs have been shown to fire up the estrogen receptor sites within the breasts that may have been inactive since puberty, which is the leading cause of flat chests.

If you can have bigger breasts naturally, would you give up your flat chest? If you could have the cup size you want without surgery, would you wave goodbye to those embarassingly small bras? If you’re not happy with your flat chest, FIGURE GROW COURSE can help. Get FIGURE GROW COURSE today and say goodbye to that flat chest!

Some women worry about their flat chests excessively, even to the point of suicide! Why would anyone worry when there’s a safe, natural and effective solution to flat chest problems? FIGURE GROW COURSE can help – it’s guaranteed. Try it today and get rid of those flat chest worries.

Buy FIGURE GROW COURSE today!

WOULD YOU LIKE SEXY – FIRMER – BIGGER BREASTS?

A Permanent solution to a Common Problem Don’t miss this opportunity to have

BIGGER MORE BEAUTIFUL – FULLER BREASTS…

Now there is a natural herbal approach specifically formulated to enhance the breast tissue. FIGURE GROW COURSE was developed in response to the overwhelming demand for a safe and natural method for women to enhance both the size and shape of their breast. Many women are dissatisfied with their breasts due to their breast not developing to their expectations, recent weight loss, pregnancy, aging, asymmetry, etc.

FIGURE GROW COURSE was specifically formulated to include herbs rich in Phytoestrogens, as well as, herbs that promote the overall general health in woman.

Breast development is under the influence of female hormones. This is evident by the natural changes a woman experiences monthly as she goes through her cycle. The all natural herbs in FIGURE GROW COURSE do not contain actual hormones; however, they do contain Phytoestrogens.

Phytoestrogens are a group of substances found in plants that have estrogenic properties. Phytoestrogens, through their natural balance of female hormones, promote the development of glandular breast tissue.

  1. How does FIGURE GROW COURSE work?

FIGURE GROW COURSE is a proprietary blend of the 10 natural herbs and pharmaceutical ingredients to promote and enhance female breast health.

  1. What can FIGURE GROW COURSE do for me?

FIGURE GROW COURSE is specifically formulated to enhance the breast tissue. FIGURE GROW COURSE was developed in response to the overwhelming demand for a safe and natural method for women to enhance both the size and shape of their breast. Many women are dissatisfied with their breasts due to their breast not developing to their expectations, recent weight loss, pregnancy, aging, asymmetry, etc.

  1. How Likely is it that FIGURE GROW COURSE Will Work for Me?

The majority of women experience a noticeable improvement in fullness and toning in the breast area, so there is a high probability of success for you. Women with a cup size of “A” or “B” often report an increase of one to two cup sizes. Differences in individual body structures and body chemistry obviously determine the outcome for you personally.

  1. What ingredients are used in FIGURE GROW COURSE?

FIGURE GROW COURSE is all natural, and made from the finest quality botanicals available.

  1. Do I need a prescription to use FIGURE GROW COURSE?

No you don’t. Because FIGURE GROW COURSE is an all natural nutritional supplement containing only the finest botanicals, there is no need to obtain a prescription.

  1. How does FIGURE GROW COURSE differ from other Breast Enhancing supplements?

FIGURE GROW COURSE is a herbal supplement and does not contain synthetic chemicals found in prescription medications. It is an all natural formula designed to enhance your breasts.

  1. Are There Any Side Effects Or Health Risks?

Safety is very important to us. This product contains only 100% pure pharmaceutical grade ingredients and is regularly tested to ensure the safety and quality. Each ingredient has been approved as safe by the FDA and all appear on the FDA’s GRAS (Generally Recognized As Safe) list. This product is manufactured in the USA under stringent GMP guidelines that have been set by the FDA.

  1. How Long Will It Take Before I Start Noticing Results ?

Most women begin to see results in 6 to 8 weeks. However, results may vary due to differences in individual metabolic rates and body chemistry. Within the first 4 weeks you will notice an increase in fullness and firmness; this is the first sign that FIGURE GROW COURSE is working.

  1. Will FIGURE GROW COURSE cause weight gain?

Absolutely not! FIGURE GROW COURSE facilitates the development of the mammary glands by exerting mild estrogenic effects and helping to balance the female hormonal system. There have been no reports of women experiencing weight gain because of usingFIGURE GROW COURSE.

  1. I have breast implants and it has started “sagging” now. Can FIGURE GROW COURSE help?

According to many of our customers, yes. We’ve had a number of reports from women using Breast Sculptor post-operation to enhance the appearance of their implants. Women who have had breast implants can expect the same growth as any other woman as long as there is no damage to the breast tissue from surgery. It has been shown to with dimpling, sagging, & other aging effects.

  1. Once I have achieved the growth I desire will I maintain the size?

We recommend that once you reach the desired size, you should reduce your dosage to just one capsule daily for an additional 90 days. You should maintain all of the size and fullness you have gained, by following this recommendation. The results are permanent.

  1. I’m confused on how much of the product to purchase. Would one month be enough, or do you think I would need more?

Realistically, six months is typically the standard time frame for significant tissue growth. By following this recommendation, you should maintain all of the size and fullness you have gained.

GET THE PERFECT BREASTS

Have Larger, Firmer and More Shapely Breast in Just Weeks!

Image result for big breast

FIGURE GROW COURSE is natural breast enhancement course is an outstanding and truly revolutionary herbal medicine. This remarkable, patent pending, completely natural breast enhancement formula, (commonly referred to as a breast enlargement medicine) works like no other. is the only patent pending breast enhancement course on the market. No other commonly available natural breast enhancement solution can make this claim.

FIGURE GROW COURSE – The Alternative To Expensive And Painful Surgery

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FIGURE GROW COURSE is an excellent alternative for women who are considering cosmetic surgery in that realm, breast implants, or any other form of breast augmentation for the purpose of having larger breasts.  Our phenomenal success rate is exactly why you need to try FIGURE GROW COURSE You no longer need to be concerned with the risk, pain, stress or recovery time that’s ordinarily associated with breast implant surgery.

Who can benefit from using FIGURE GROW COURSE?

  • Mothers who need breast firming and breast enlargement.
  • Women who feel they were born with breasts that are too small for their body.
  • Women who have breast implants but need more breast tissue covering their breast implants.
  • Women who have lost weight and need increased breast size and firmness.
  • Women who have had breast implants removed and need breast firming and enlargement.
  • EVEN Women suffering from infertility and women who had fibrocystic breast disease have been very happy with the results of our pills.

We are so confident that our FIGURE GROW COURSE will work for you. We follow our customers closely to ensure you are getting the best results possible.

Certain women do need additional help to balance their endocrine system. We have found giving extra attention to the women who were not getting results has resulted in near perfect success rate and a very low refund rate.

Who has problems obtaining results with FIGURE GROW COURSE?

  • Women who have diabetes experience difficulty in gaining results and this product often do not work for them. If you have diabetes your chances of having successful results are greatly diminished due to a malfunctioning endocrine system.
  • Women who have drastically low body fat from being athletes, or who have anorexia/bulimia. If your body fat ranges 0% to 7%, FIGURE GROW COURSE will not work for you. Breast size is comprised of fatty tissue stored in the connective tissues of the breasts. The more weight you lose the flatter and smaller your breasts will be.

FIGURE GROW COURSE Can help you

Image result for big breast

  • Help Breast Enlarging and Breast Enhancing.
  • High success rate for breast enhancing and increasing 3 inch breast cup size!
  • Safe Increase Size and Beauty Your Bust.
  • Help Breast Firming
  • Regulate female hormones
  • Phyto-estrogens maximize blood flow
  • Stimulates new cell growth
  • Reduces PMS symptoms
  • Treatment firms breast
  • Tightens skin supporting breast
  • Helps stimulate the aging & dehydrating skin
  • Develop stromal tissues of the breast
  • Increases the fatty tissue and ligaments

How Herbal FIGURE GROW COURSE Works

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FIGURE GROW COURSE Natural Breast Enlargement is an herbal breast enhancement course that has been developed for women who want to increase their bust size without the harmful effects of surgery. FIGURE GROW COURSE is the first herbal breast enhancement pill designed to increase bust size and firmness naturally and it has helped thousands of women. FIGURE GROW COURSE is a proprietary combination of herbs traditionally used to support female hormone balance and bust enhancement.

FIGURE GROW COURSE Natural Breast Enlargement will not produce too much breast development because it works naturally with your own hormones, producing a result that is unique to your own body. Many women report that the formula produces fuller, firmer, larger breasts that are proportionate to their overall body size. You need not fear having “unnatural” result or look with the FIGURE GROW COURSE formula.

This herbal blend provides the human body with plant estrogen which can help to reactivate the mammary glands to develop new breast cells and tissue. This very same growth process occurred during puberty, but human estrogen was the “fuel”.  Among the inner workings of the breast are estrogen receptor sites that attract estrogen like a magnet, which stimulates mammogenesis, or the development of the mammary glands.

For most women, the reactivation of the mammary glands and the development of new breast cells and tissue takes about five to eight weeks, although you may experience the return of some fullness and or firmness in as little as four weeks. By the end of the first two months, many clients enjoy anything from a fuller and or firmer bust, up to a 1/2 cup in growth. Continued use may provide 2 and 3 cups of growth, perhaps even more.  The most we’ve heard reported so far is 4 cups of growth. Some women will experience growth in this time frame, other women will experience growth outside this time frame, and still, other women will experience no growth whatsoever.  Differences in body chemistry can and will affect how quickly and effectively these herbs will work for you, if at all. The level needed varies from person to person.

What Effects Have Women Experienced With FIGURE GROW COURSE?

Women report that after using FIGURE GROW COURSE, small, poorly developed breasts gradually become larger and fuller, while older women with problems such as sagging or wrinkling report that the wrinkled areas smooth out and the breasts firm up, giving a younger, uplifted look. Additionally, women with overly large, sagging breasts report that bust size remains stable or increases slightly, while firmness increases significantly and sagging is eliminated. In addition to its effect on the bust, women also report extraordinary benefits from FIGURE GROW COURSE in relieving irregular or painful menstrual periods, cramping, bloating, mood swings, PMS and menopausal symptoms.

Is Herbal FIGURE GROW COURSE Safe?

Image result for big breast

The herbs used in the FIGURE GROW COURSE formula have been used for hundreds of years in medicinal applications. There are no synthetic additives, colorings or artificial preservatives in the product and no adverse side effects have been reported after use by thousands of women. FIGURE GROW COURSE is an all-natural herbal breast enhancement pill.

The herbs contained in our blend are considered safe and have been in common use for many decades. There are no known health warnings associated with them and they are present on the Federal Drug Administration’s list of safe foods (G.R.A.S. list). These are plants, not pharmaceutical drugs and their actions are generally mild and usually effective.  They are said to have several health benefits such as easing the symptoms of PMS and menopause, and helping to minimize the water weight gain associated with the unique cycles of a woman’s body. As with any herb or food there is always the possibility of an allergic reaction, but this is extremely rare with these herbs.

The recommended dosage is two gel caps in the morning and two in the evening (4 per day).  Do not exceed recommended daily dosage without consultation. Following the first five to eight weeks, you may begin to experience results, anything from a fuller and or firmer bust up to a 1/2 cup in growth, again, depending on your particular body chemistry.  We do not recommend usage if you are pregnant or nursing.  If you are taking prescription medication, other than birth control, or if you have an existing medical condition, please consult your physician first.

Will FIGURE GROW COURSE work for all women?  

Image result for small breast

More than a quarter million women have used FIGURE GROW COURSE but no, unfortunately nothing works for everyone. Even the pharmaceutical wonder drugs don’t work for everyone. However, we have had tremendous success with these herbs and many women have avoided implant surgery because of it. Even the most difficult cases generally see results over a period of time.  Other than your particular body chemistry, the key to success is Patience and Consistency.

Patience is needed because this is not an overnight miracle pill. FIGURE GROW COURSE a blend of herbs brought together to  enhance your body’s own natural growth process of developing new breast cells and tissue to build on top of what you have now, just as the growth happened during puberty. Your own body controls the growth process, therefore your body should grow at about the same rate as it grew during puberty.

Also, be Consistent in taking your daily dose.  Stimulating the activity of the mammary glands is crucial to the development of new breast tissue.  Missing too many consecutive doses may allow the mammary glands to shut down like they did when puberty ended.  If the glands are shut down or dormant for too long, the reactivation process must begin all over again, therefore so does the development and growth process.

“You can enhance your breasts in as little as 30 days!”

Have Larger, Firmer, Fuller More Beautiful Breasts!

All Natural Herbal Formula!

FIGURE GROW COURSE is made from all natural herbs that target the breast tissue only. The herbs imitate the hormones (such as estrogen) your body makes during puberty and pregnancy that make your breasts grow and develop. Sometimes environmental factors such as stress, illness, medications, etc. stop or inhibit the production of these feminine hormones. Therefore, causing your breasts to not fully develop to their potential. The strong herbal extracts that each capsule of FIGURE GROW COURSE contains, will trigger breast tissue growth and expansion. At first, you will feel that your breasts are firmer, and perhaps, rounder. You may feel mild tingling and soreness during this growth phase. During the next phase, your breasts will start to increase in size. Every woman’s breasts grow at their own speed, similar to puberty. In the last phase of growth, your breasts will reach their size and shape limit, that is genetically predetermined and different for every woman. Once you reach your desired size and shape, you may stop using FIGURE GROW COURSE and your results will be permanent!

FIGURE GROW COURSE is responsible for thousands of success stories around the world. More and more women are learning that FIGURE GROW COURSE is the best natural herbal pill to help them look and feel feminine. FIGURE GROW COURSE gives you confidence in your breast size and shape. After your body has responded to the breast-enhancing effects of FIGURE GROW COURSE, you’re sure to turn some heads when you walk into a room. Men and women will really notice your bust—and the best part is you’ll enjoy all the benefits of your enhanced breasts in as little as 60-90 days! Some women have tried dangerous, unnatural procedures and treatments to enlarge their breasts—often not getting the results they had hoped for and exposing themselves to potentially dangerous consequences. The good news is that FIGURE GROW COURSEis an all-natural herbal supplement specially formulated to produce real results. The herbs in FIGURE GROW COURSE will produce naturally enhanced breasts—bigger, rounder, and firmer. Safe, carefully chosen herbs are used to manufacture FIGURE GROW COURSE herbal supplements, making FIGURE GROW COURSE the best herbal pill on the market to

Develop or regain the FIGURE GROW COURSE shape you desire!”

“Affordable alternative to breast augmentation surgery!”

“Natural herbal pills are the safe effective way to achieve larger, firmer breasts!”

Image result for big breast

FIGURE GROW COURSE is made from all natural herbs that target the breast tissue only. The herbs imitate the hormones (such as estrogen) your body makes during puberty and pregnancy that make your breasts grow and develop. Sometimes environmental factors such as stress, illness, medications, etc. stop or inhibit the production of these feminine hormones. Therefore, causing your breasts to not fully develop to their potential. The strong herbal extracts that each capsule of FIGURE GROW COURSE contains, will trigger breast tissue growth and expansion. At first, you will feel that your breasts are firmer, and perhaps, rounder. You may feel mild tingling and soreness during this growth phase. During the next phase, your breasts will start to increase in size. Every woman’s breasts grow at their own speed, similar to puberty. In the last phase of growth, your breasts will reach their size and shape limit, that is genetically predetermined and different for every woman. Once you reach your desired size and shape, you may stop using Pro femmie, and your results will be permanent!

FIGURE LIFT UP COURSE

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Your body is naturally changing as you age. As you get on in the years, your skin will lose its natural elasticity. This could be a serious problem if you’ve gone through pregnancy or lost weight recently. That’s because your breasts won’t be able to accommodate a reduced size, and will sag as a result. A saggy breast is something women never want, but can’t really avoid.

If you’ve been concerned about the shape of your breast for some time, you probably know that there isn’t much that you can do to fix it. Dieting and exercise can’t correct skin that’s lost its elasticity. Furthermore, exercise would just cause you to tone chest muscles that aren’t feminine. The only thing that you can do is to get a breast lift. But maybe you’re concerned about the scarring, or the time and money required. A breast lift surgery definitely is not for everyone. Lately, a trend in natural breast lifts has created an alternative to an invasive breast lift surgery.

Now there is a natural herbal approach specifically formulated to lift your breasts. FIGURE LIFT UP COURSE All Natural Breast Lift course were developed in response to the overwhelming demand for a safe and natural method for women to lift their breast with the expensive cost or scares associated with breast implant surgery.

Many women are not satisfied with their breasts secondary to their breast not developing to their expectations, recent weight loss, pregnancy, aging, asymmetry, etc. Physicians Select now offers FIGURE LIFT UP COURSE for optimal results in enhancing and lifting your natural breasts.

  • Overall breast lift enhancing the natural contour of a women’s breast.
  • Elevates self-confidence and overall state of well-being.
  • Minimizes the symptoms associated with menopause i.e. hot flashes, night sweats, irritability, loss of libido, irregular periods, vaginal dryness, loss of tone in the breast, memory lapses, incontinence, weight gain, osteoporosis, etc.
  • A nourishing and moisturizing herbal course for the development of fuller, firm bust line can be used. It helps remove deteriorating breast cells.
  • Precious herbal extracts control early breast sagging

How it works

Beautiful big women's breasts in black bra

The breast enhancement gel contains herbs having natural oestrogen, which reactivate the mammary glands and develop the breast tissue. The adipose tissue (Lobules of fat) has the property to attract the oestrogens, which stimulate mammogenesis, Calendula tocopherols, which are immediately absorbed through the epidermis of breast increasing blood supply resulting in deposition of fatty tissue in breast and aiding new healthy breasts development.

FIGURE LIFT UP COURSE works by stimulating the growth of breast tissue while firming and tightening the breast area. Our formula has thirteen unique herbs which help with breast tissue expansion, growth and development. FIGURE LIFT UP COURSE is a safe and effective alternative to expensive and dangerous surgery.

Smaller less developed breasts. FIGURE LIFT UP COURSE contains phytoestrogens which are naturally occurring non-hormonal plant estrogens which stimulate your body to produce new breast tissue growth. Breast Success safely stimulates tissue growth resulting in bigger, firmer and fuller breasts. FIGURE LIFT UP COURSE is a non-invasive all natural way to increase your breast size.

FIGURE LIFT UP COURSE helps your body regulate the production of hormones that regulate breast tissue. Just like eating a healthy diet, helps keep your body healthy; taking FIGURE LIFT UP COURSE helps keep your breasts healthy. FIGURE LIFT UP COURSE helps bring balance to the hormones and stimulate breast growth. The results are you “look and feel better” as your body becomes balanced and beautiful.

Causes of Sagging Breasts

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The most common cause for sagging breasts is age. As women age, the skin and the muscle looses their elasticity and the breasts tissue is no exception. Even so, you would find that some women maintain perky breasts for much longer periods than others. With the right procedures for sagging breasts like the right posture, bra support and exercises women can have excellent looking breasts well into their late fifties.

Before discussing the procedures for firming sagging breasts lets first see the cause of breasts sagging. There are many factors that would influence breasts sagging. Some of these factors are described briefly below:

  1. Genetics – Each person comes with certain genes from his/ her parents which influence a major part of the way the body and mind behaves during their life time. This includes the way the hair, skin, face and body looks as their vulnerability to diseases. In this manner certain diseases that were suffered by the parents such as hypertension, heart attack, Alzheimer’s, etc.
  2. Pregnancies – women who have multiple pregnancies have a higher risk of developing sagging breasts than those who bear one or maximum two children. With every

pregnancy the breasts become engorges with milk and after the weaning of the baby the breasts size come down. The increase and decrease in size results in loosening of the firmness of the breast tissue making it sag faster.

  1. Large breasts – small breasts have less danger of getting sagged when comparing to large breasts. The large breasts usually are influenced by the gravity due to its own weight for which it would droop sooner than small breasts.
  2. Weight loss – you must have heard of loosing weight in the “right places” or “wrong places”. Usually when women loose weight they first do so from the face, breasts and midriff before other places. These are some of the “wrong places”. Sometimes weight loss routines affect the breast tissue in such a way that it sags. The same would be the results when there is a continuous weight gain – weight loss routine.
  3. Age – nothing can stop the signs of aging. These can definitely be delayed but not averted altogether. Hence, a woman’s breasts in her thirties would not be the same as her breasts in her forties; and the breasts of a woman in her forties would not be the same as those of a woman in her fifties and so on. In fact after the menopause, when the estrogen in the body is greatly reduced, the firmness of the breasts is directly affected.

Braless ness is particularly hazardous for large-breasted women, and those who have had several pregnancies or large weight losses. Without added support of a bra, the fragile breast ligaments may gradually weaken, giving the breasts a flat, pendulous appearance.

Reasons for Sagging Breasts

  • Wearing a right fitting brasserie right from the start of puberty is most necessary if you want to maintain the shape and firmness of the bosom. Though it is said that going without the brasserie at times is acceptable, it is best to wear firm fitting ones during the day and avoid using them while sleeping since sometimes a tight bra can slow down blood circulation.
  • Work outs, jogs and brisk walks without brasserie results in sagging and loose breast shape.
  • Through Prolonged illness, pregnancy, breast feeding and irregular menstrual cycle, breasts lose their tautness and get saggy and shapeless.

Why Do Breasts Sag?

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Retirees aren’t the only ones going south when they get older. It’s an unfortunate fact of life that as women age, their breasts go south as well.

Genetics determine how quickly this happens, but there are other factors too—some of which are avoidable. However, for most women, the aging process will eventually overcome our best efforts and a breast lift may be the only way to restore those once full and perky breasts.

Busting the Myths

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First, let’s look at what doesn’t cause sagging breasts. For years, women assumed that breastfeeding resulted in droopy breasts. A recent breastfeeding study shows that that isn’t true. According to a University of Kentucky study by plastic surgeon Brian Rinker, MD, your breasts after breastfeeding are no more likely to sag than your breasts after pregnancy. It’s not breastfeeding that makes breasts saggy—it’s pregnancy alone—whether you breastfeed or not.

That study concluded that smoking, your body mass index (BMI), the number of pregnancies, larger pre-pregnancy breasts, and age all contribute to breast ptosis (saggy breasts).

The Anatomy of the Breast

Women’s breasts contain fatty tissue, connective tissue and ligaments, which surround glandular tissue. The glandular tissue is made up of lobes (groups of milk glands or lobules) connected to milk ducts. The pectoral muscles of the chest lie underneath the breasts, but the breasts themselves have no muscle tissue. Breasts only have fragile ligaments, connective tissue, and skin for support.

Since gravity causes breast ptosis (saggy breasts), larger breasts are more likely to sag because they weigh more than smaller ones. Wearing a bra that properly supports your breasts can help take the weight off. Flat-chested women are less likely to see their breasts sag, but being well endowed whether naturally or through breast augmentation certainly has its benefits, too!

Exercise—Another Culprit!

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Exercising, particularly strenuous exercise such as jogging, stresses fragile ligaments as the breasts bounce. A British study showed jogging wearing a regular bra puts twice as much stress on breasts than wearing a supportive exercise bra. Here again, using the right bra for support can make a difference.

Stretching and Age Make Breasts Sag

What to Do About Saggy Breasts?

Not smoking, wearing a supportive bra during the day and a sports bra while you exercise can help delay droopy breasts. But eventually age will catch up. How to keep breasts from going south as you age? A breast lift is another possible solution. Herbal Breast Enhancer is the natural solution for larger breast-naturally and safely!

  • FIGURE LIFT UP COURSE is the clear, safe alternative to enhancement implant surgery.
  • Noticeable tightness in just weeks.
  • Helps regulate female hormones and glands.
  • Reduces PMS symptoms and female reproductive problems..
  • No adverse side effects.

FIGURE LIFT UP COURSE – is a revolutionary break through in providing relief to the depressed womanhood due to loose and sagging Breasts. Herbal Breast Enhancers provides confidence by toning and enhancing undeveloped or sagged breasts. This Product not only provides shaping and tightening to the breasts but also gives a soft and good texture to the breasts. With FIGURE LIFT UP COURSE you can gain these results without harmful drugs or surgery and this product is 100% natural and side effect free…

When you want a fuller, firmer, more beautiful bust line without the risk of breast implants surgery, hormone balancing is the first step every woman should take. Many women don’t know that hormone imbalances can actually lead to poor breast development as well as problems such as sagging and shrinking breasts with age or pregnancy.

Our herbal formula – Herbal Breast Enhancers is a revolutionary breakthrough in treating these problems naturally and provides the first ever natural breast enhancer and toner alternative to harmful drugs and surgery. FIGURE LIFT UP COURSE is a unique all-natural formula, which contains a proprietary combination of herbs known for their ability to balance female hormones and promote breast size and firmness safely and naturally.

Most commonly, breasts start sagging after you have weaned your child from breastfeeding

 

Breasts are composed of fat and tissues. There are no muscles or ligaments in breasts, which is why they are prone to sagging. During breastfeeding, your baby keeps sucking out the milk and pulling your breasts downward. This causes the tissue in your breasts to stretch. In addition, breasts are filled with milk, and the skin around your breasts has stretched. When the breast empties, the skin may not shrink to accommodate a lesser volume. As a result, skin tends to hang on the breasts, making them sag.

More often than not, your breasts will sag after breastfeeding. However, whether or not your breasts will sag after breastfeeding largely depends on your skin and its elasticity. More elastic skin will be able to recover from constant pulling and stretching, and after weaning, such breasts may not sag.

FIGURE LIFT UP COURSE Lifts & Firms Sagging Breasts with Clinically Proven Coenzyme Q10 Tightener

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Clinically proven to:

  • Lift and firm breasts for a beautiful shape
  • Creates a “natural breast lift”
  • Refines and firms breast contours
  • Softer, smother texture
  • More dramatic, younger looking cleavage

Our specially designed formula of concentrated herbal bust enhancers, coenzyme Q10 tighteners, and essential oils helps replenish what time or maternity have taken away.   And being the only breast product that uses coenzyme Q10 for maximum therapeutic and skin firming benefit, with daily use, this clinically proven formula can help boost skin’s natural elasticity for a visibly smoother, firmer appearance.

FIGURE LIFT UP COURSE is a unique all natural formula made from plant extracts.  Its bio-tighteners and nutrient system rejuvenates the skin’s support structure to increase the firmness of the bust and eliminate sagging.  Our product naturally increases the skin’s youthful glow and vitality for a complete skin enhancement.

FIGURE LIFT UP COURSE uses a exclusive herbal formula that rejuvenates the skin to increase the firmness, tone and shape of the bust while putting an end to sagging.  By working in harmony with the body, the results you experience can be both rapid and profound.  Clients observe noticeable improvement in weeks. The most common results include reduction of sagging breasts, creation of tighter cleavage, and a noticeably fuller look and feel.

CoQ10 has been clinically proven to work. Most women see results within 2-4 weeks. We use only the purest and most effective ingredients in our products.  Our goal isto create pure body care products that benefit both the consumer and the environment.  We do not use mineral oils, artificial coal tar dyes or synthetic scents.  Only select herbal ingredients are used, and when possible, those that are grown organically

Results

The Appearance of the Bust can Always be Enhanced

  • Tightens and improves tone, firmness, & contours
  • Creates a “natural breast lift
  • Improves the visible tone and texture of the skin
  • Refines and firms breast contours, enhances the body’s youthful qualities.
  • Improves the firm feel of the supporting skin of the breast, essential for a beautiful shape
  • Does not increase breast size

How long will the FIGURE LIFT UP COURSE take to work?

FIGURE LIFT UP COURSE will begin to work instantly. Customers have reported noticeable lifting which starts a few weeks after using FIGURE LIFT UP COURSE. Most customers will see satisfying results within 6 months, and there are no side effects known to be associated with long term use of these products.

How long should I take FIGURE LIFT UP COURSE?

Take FIGURE LIFT UP COURSE until you reach your desired breast. There have been no reported long-term side effects associated with the use of FIGURE LIFT UP COURSE. Many women decide to continue taking FIGURE LIFT UP COURSE breast lifting even after a 3-6 month supply.

I have high blood pressure; can I use your FIGURE LIFT UP COURSE?

Our herbal products are not known to raise or lower systemic blood pressure, however if you are currently taking high blood pressure medication or anti-inflammatory medication then you may not see complete results. Please contact your doctor if you are taking any regular medication to ensure our herbal products won’t interfere with the effectiveness of your prescriptions.

Is the breast lifting permanent?

You can stop taking FIGURE LIFT UP COURSE when you reach your desired breast and you’ll never have to take it again. There have been no reported losses of results after you discontinue use of the product.

Will one breast lift at a faster rate than the other?

FIGURE LIFT UP COURSE breast lifting results is uniform. The lifting process is equal in both the right and left breast. The beauty of FIGURE LIFT UP COURSE results are that you will NOT get scarring, there will be NO loss of the ability to breastfeed, as so many women find occurs after breast reduction surgery. include: reduction of sagging breasts, creation of tighter cleavage, and a noticeably fuller look and feel.

CoQ10 has been clinically proven to work. Most women see results within 2-4 weeks. We use only the purest and most effective ingredients in our products.  Our goal is to create pure body care products that benefit both the consumer and the environment.  We do not use mineral oils, artificial coal tar dyes or synthetic scents.  Only select herbal ingredients are used, and when possible, those that are grown organically

Procedures To Stop And Prevent Sagging Breasts

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There are many procedures to stop and  prevent breast sagging. Most women know these methods but either do not have the time or the inclination to do what it takes. Some of these measures are given below:

 

  1. Wearing proper support – the most important of all the preventive factors is the wearing of a correct size of bra. Most women do not think much of wearing what they find available in the supermarket rather than shop carefully for the perfect fitting bra. The fact that each number of the bra has three cups (A, B and C) shows that each number can be adjusted to perfection to the size of one’s breasts. Wearing the right size brassiere is one of the best ways to keep the breasts firm for a long time.
  2. Workouts – there are very simple exercises to prevent bosom sagging and keep the pectoral muscles in shape. These need to be done on regular basis – even if it is only for 15 minutes a day – every day. Simple exercises such as pressing your palms together in from of your chest for 10 seconds can work wonders.
  3. Right weaning techniques – when a woman breastfeeds her baby(ies) it is very important that the weaning is done correctly to prevent breasts from sagging. This means that the weaning has to be gradual and supported by exercises that tone the muscles and the skin as it reduces in size.
  4. Breast firming products – there are many breast firming products in the market some artificial and some natural. You need to research well on these products and even have a good talk with your family doctor before you could choose one that could be of help. Most of these products work best when complemented with breasts exercises.

Exercises To Firm Sagging Breasts

Exercise is the magic word when it comes to body fitness and toning. Breasts too need exercises and these are actually the best and safest way to ensure that they stay healthy, firm and beautiful. A few simple yet highly effective exercises are described below. Try it out yourself and see the difference these can make:

  1. Sit in a chair in such a way that your thighs are parallel to the floor while your feet are on the floor. Move your forearms together in front of your face and breath in; open your forearms fully and exhale. Repeat this 10-12 times.
  2. Bring the forearms together again and now lift them up as high as they go keeping them together. Repeat this step 10-12 times.
  3. Put your palms together n front of your chest and press with all your might counting until 10 then release pressure. Repeat this for 10-12 times.

These exercises done on a daily basis can amaze you with their results. These promote and increase the firmness of the pectoral muscles which actually supports the breasts.

THE BEAUTY OF THE BREASTS

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Physiologically, the breasts are meant to help lactation, but this physiological function that occurs only on a limited interval is surpassed by the aesthetic function, which is a criteria for a lifetime.

Feeling that you really look great means also that your breasts look great, as they play an important part in expressing your femininity.

Treating your breasts with special attention is the same with defending your capital of beauty and health, required for a good morale.

As the fashion is always changing, presenting once small breasts and then big breasts, the beauty of the breasts does not truly lie in their volume. The same is valid for their shape.

Some people prefer the “apple-shape”; others prefer the “pear-shape”. Their beauty lies rather in the way a woman values her breasts.

You may be one of the 80 percent women who consider that they have ugly breasts. This is as wrong as it can be. Each breast has a beauty of its own and it always moves the person looking at it.

HOW TO PRESERVE YOUR BREASTS’ BEAUTY?

Beautiful, firm, tonic breasts depend mainly on a good hormonal balance. From an esoteric point of view, a woman with beautiful breasts is a clear sigh that in her being the Yin and Yang energies are pretty much balanced.

The hormonal balance influenced by the hypothalamus – a nervous area situated in the brain – is varying according to the psychic state of the woman.

Because of this, a tonic, optimistic, happy woman will have firmer breasts than a depressed one.

Simple hygiene rules, as well as avoiding negligence will help you have beautiful breasts for a long time.

The Bra- A Necessity For Big Breasts

In time, the elastic fibers sustaining the breasts are weakened by the weight of the breasts.

Consequently, the bra is necessary as soon as your breasts become big. It helps the skin not to lose its elasticity.

Moreover, regardless of the dimensions of your breasts, the bra is compulsory while practicing sports, especially jogging and other sports that make the breasts subject to trepidation.

You may drop the bra while swimming. Also wear a bra during pregnancy and breast-feeding.

Chose the bra according to your constitution, and not according to the fashion. It should be not too loose, nor too tight, and the cups should fit the form of your breasts.

Pay Attention To Your Attitude

Control the position of your back. Sit straight and breathe deeply. If you sit as if hunchbacked your breasts will tend to become sagged. Little by little, the dorsal and pectoral muscles will become atrophied.

Look into a mirror, from the profile, pull the shoulders backwards and chin up! What do you say about this difference?

Make Faces

  • Contract the muscles of the neck twenty times a day, as this exercise trains the great pectoral muscle.
  • Pronounce the letter X, smiling as much as you can. Repeat the exercise 10-20 times a day.

Avoid Heat

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The breasts hate heat, be it the bath water or the sun. The heat makes the blood vessels dilatate, slowing the circulation. On the other hand, as we already mentioned the exposure to the sun leads to premature aging of the skin, with harmful effects on the elastic fibers.

Consequently, make the effort of toning your breasts with cold water, stimulating the blood circulation and toning the tissues.

Short cold showers, for two minutes for small breasts, and cold showers of four-five minutes for big breasts. These showers activate the blood circulation and favor the elimination of the toxins. Little by little, they gain in firmness.

Caution: make these showers in the correct manner: use circular movements on the exterior part of the breasts.

If you do not have a shower, you may use a large sponge to pour the cold water on your breasts.

Swim

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Swimming is a great exercise for your breasts, especially the bras style. Swimming makes the muscles of the back and the pectorals as they are forced to overcome the resistance of the water.

Moreover, the pressure of the water is an excellent massage. You may also add the following exercise:

Stand on your feet in the pool, with the water over your shoulders, and then open up your arms, and then slowly bring them in front of you. Repeat ten times.

Use Body Lotions

Lotions for the Bust

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The lotions for the bust don’t make miracles with your breasts but they help in keeping the elasticity of the breasts’ skin.

Based either on biological or vegetable extracts, it maintain the elastic fibers of the sustaining tissue in good condition.

Moreover, it force you to massage your breasts which is very benefit for them. Use always circular movements when you massage the breasts.

Solar lotions

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You should always use solar lotions when you expose your breasts to the sun. In the first days of exposure choose a lotion that guarantee a high protection against UV radiations. And after your daily shower use a nourishing cream for the skin.

True Facts About The Breasts

Even if you think you know everything about breasts, this article is worth reading. You’ll find out which statements about breasts are true and which aren’t.

  1. If your breasts are small when you’re 15, they remain be like this forever.

Wrong: The final faze of the mammal gland may reach maturity at 20 years old or, t6o be more precise, 4-5 years after the first period. Moreover, there are certain natural methods for enlarging the breasts such as: massage with wheat embryos oil, yoga techniques, lovemaking practiced with sexual continence , etc. All these methods will be presented in details in our site.

  1. Breasts volume is genetically determined.

Wrong: There are a lot of factors except the genetic inheritance that influence the volume of the breasts. It is about nutrition, weight, life style and even about the sports you practiced.

  1. If you don’t wear a bra, then your breasts will fall.

Wrong: It is not recommended that the women with firm breasts should wear a bra. The only thing that they should do is to keep the suppleness and elasticity of the skin through exercises and massage with special creams, lotions or oils.

True: It is better to use bra if you have big breasts. Without an adequate sustaining system, your motions can cause micro-traumas. They lead progressively to falling breasts. This is why you should always wear a bra if your breasts are considered big.

  1. Fitness helps increasing your breasts’ volume.

Wrong: This activity influences only your the breasts’ muscles, while the volume is given by the adipose mass. The best it can do is hardening your breasts, like swimming does.

  1. If your nipples are inside then you can’t breast-feed.

Wrong: In most cases this abnormality corrects by itself during the breast-feeding period.

  1. You cannot use the same cream for breasts and for your body.

True: Breasts are very sensitive. By applying a cream that is made for more resistant body-parts, you could get some stains that are hard to take out.

  1. It is not recommended to sun-bathe topless.

Wrong: UV rays do not cause tumours or cysts. It is true that the skin is very sensitive and the sun can affect it. It can lead to sunburns. You can avoid all these by using a protecting cream.

  1. Women with mammal implants have a limited life-span.

Wrong: The presence of mammal prosthetics does not prevent women from practicing a sport or breast-feeding. But we don’t recommend the prosthetics. It is better to use natural methods for making your breasts beautiful.

  1. The breasts are one of the most erogenous body zones.

True: breasts are considered as the third erogenous zone, right after the mind (!) and genitalia. It is commonly accepted and also proven fact that nipples stimulation sometimes provokes uterus contractions.

  1. It is abnormal for hair to exist around the nipples.

Wrong: The presence of a few hair in this area shouldn’t bother you. You can remove them by using a tweezers. But if they are a lot, then it means that the person has got too many androgens. A special consultation is required.

Breast Facts

1) Breasts can start growing as early as age 10 and don’t stop until your early 20’s.

2) Breasts have been overly sexualized in Western culture making them too big a part of a girls physical identity.

3) Breasts have a biological purpose – for feeding babies.

4) Having a baby changes ones breasts forever, and many women get larger (but much less perky) breasts after pregnancy.

5) During puberty breasts can develop rapidly causing discomfort, sensitivity and even stretch mark.

6) Larger breasts do not make a girl more feminine, sexier or “better”.

7) Very large breasts can cause back pain and poor posture.

8) Brast are more than just underwear, they are necessary to keep your breasts supported and to stop injury to the breast tissue while playing sports.

9) Breast cancer is rare in teen aged girls but it is important to get used to checking your breasts for lumps and irregularities as soon as you start having your period – this is especially important if you have a family history of breast cancer.

10) All breasts, no matter what size and no matter what guys may say, are beautiful and amazing to the opposite sex.

BREAST CARE FOR LACTATING MOTHERS

The main function of the female breast is to provide milk to the newborn baby. They are the mammary glands which have been developed by nature for this express purpose. It is very necessary that the mother know the correct way of suckling the baby and also maintaining proper breast hygiene once the feeding is done. This will keep the breasts clean for the next feeding of the baby and also regain the breasts to their original shape and size once the baby is weaned.

The Correct Way to Breastfeed a Newborn Child

It takes a little while for first time mothers to learn the right way to breastfeed their newborn. Only with patience and a little practice can both mother and child learn how to share correctly in this fantastic natural process. The correct way to breastfeed a baby is described below:-

The first important thing is to hold the baby in the right position. Support the baby’s weight by keeping it in your lap (slightly upraised) or by holding it steadfast at its lower back. The baby’s mouth must conveniently reach the nipple without having to exert. Remember that babies become more enthusiastic at the sight of a nipple, and if they are not able to reach it conveniently, they may hurt themselves.

Next, place the nipple into the mouth of the baby. Allow the baby to take the nipple as much as possible inside its mouth. You will know that the nipple has reached its right position when it touches the roof of the baby’s mouth (palate).

The baby’s lips should be locked around the areola. Hence, the baby’s mouth should be over the breast tissue while the nipple should be on the palate of the mouth. Babies suckle by pressing the nipple with their tongue against the palate, thus squeezing the milk out of it.

Though it is a cumbersome process in the beginning, you will quickly get used to it and, keep in mind, the milk of your own breast is the best food that the baby can have at this age, which will immunize it against several diseases.

Breast Care Before Childbirth

During pregnancy, the proper care for the breast must begin even before the baby is actually born. This is to ensure that there is a proper milk flow when the childbirth occurs. It is essential to carry out the following procedures regarding breast care before its birth:-

Keep the breast always clean. Wash them with water (either hot or cold as per convenience), but do not use soaps and lotions.

Start breast massages during pregnancy so as to ensure proper stimulation of the mammary glands. One very effective exercise is to hold the breast and then to pull it out towards the nipple. Carry this on for a couple of times. This exercise will not only stimulate the mammary glands, but they will also keep the nipples loose and flexible for the baby to suckle on. It will also prevent the nipples from getting inverted or from becoming sore and cracked.

A positive outlook is also very important when the mammary glands begin lactating, i.e., in the ninth month. Always keep thinking of the baby to come and how you would hold it to suckle. Keeping a baby picture or two in the room would help. Though this seems far-fetched, such an act would actually help in stimulating the milk-producing hormones.

Breast Care During Lactation

 

Post-partum breast care is only slightly different than during pregnancy. Once the birth has occurred, the initial milk called colostrum begins to flow. It is from this moment on that proper breast care during lactation must begin.

Contrary to whatever the old wives’ tales say, the colostrum is not to be wasted. This is the initial extremely nutritive food for the baby which will immunize it from a host of diseases. After each feeding wash the breasts with water.

Avoid the use of soap, shampoo or any kind of lotion on the breasts. This may cause the nipples to become sore and cracked. The best medium to wash the nipples and areolas after the feeding is water. Washing it important as it will clean the nipple area and keep it hygienic for the baby’s next feeding.

Feed the baby every time it makes a demand. This is the best way to allow the milk to flow out of the breasts. If you miss feedings, then there is a possibility of the milk getting accumulated in the breast leading to what is called as engorgement. If engorgement occurs, then you must remove the excess milk by either squeezing the breast with your hands, or by using a breast pump.

Perform regular exercises on the breasts during lactation. This will keep the milk in a good state of circulation (from the lobules to the nipple) and will also flush out any toxins that may be produced due to accumulated milk.

Avoid wearing restricting clothes such as bras and corsets when you are lactating. This will help in maintaining a proper flow of milk and will not cramp the breasts.

It is a rare gift that nature has given all mammals. It is the primary bond that the mother establishes with the baby. Thus it is very necessary to carry this out with the correct procedure and take proper care after the feeding is done. This could make breastfeeding a joy for both mother and child

Breast and Nipple Care

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Australian Breastfeeding Association (ABA) counsellors are trained to provide breastfeeding support. They are mothers who want to help other women enjoy breastfeeding their babies. Many mothers have problems with their breasts. If you deal with these problems straight away you may stop them getting worse.

Here are some simple suggestions which can help. If you want more information or want to ask a question, ABA is nearby. All states have a counselling service and email counselling is also available. Counselling is free to anyone who needs help with breastfeeding. The telephone interpreter service could help you to talk to a breastfeeding counsellor. Our booklet Breast and nipple care also contains lots of valuable information. It is available from Mothers Direct.

Ante-Natal Preparation

  • ask your medical adviser to examine your breasts and nipples.
  • check that your bra fits correctly as your breasts enlarge during pregnancy.
  •  do NOT use soap or anything drying (e.g. methylated spirits) on your nipples.
  • avoid scrubbing with rough towels or brushes – gently pat breasts and nipples dry after showering or bathing.
  • if you wish you may pull out your nipples and roll them gently between thumb and forefinger – should be done firmly but should not hurt.
  • expose the breast area to air for short periods.

To Help Relieve Sore Nipples

Feed your baby often – don’t put off feeds

Before Feeds:

  • Make yourself comfortable and relax, remembering your ante-natal exercises.
  •  Massage your breasts gently.
  • Apply warmth to your breasts – warm shower, warm face washer.
  • Express some milk to soften the areola, to get the milk flowing and to lubricate the nipple. For pain relief, try applying a covered block of ice to the nipple, or ask your medical adviser about other alternatives.

During Feeds:

  • Offer the less sore side first.
  • Make sure baby is properly positioned at and attached to the breast. (See diagrams below, description of positioning in Increasing Your Supply Feature and refer to an ABA counsellor).
  • Try different feeding positions.
  • If you wish, restrict comfort sucking while nipples are tender. Gently break suction with clean finger before removing baby from the breast.

After Feeds:

  • Check your nipples for signs of stress.
  • Express a few drops of hind milk and smear on the nipple. Leave your bra open for a few minutes until nipples are dry.
  • Keep nipples dry. Change nursing pads frequently. Consider washable nursing pads if disposable ones are chaffing.
  • Use breast shells or nipple protectors over tender nipples to stop clothes rubbing and allow air to circulate.

Avoid:

  • Using anything on your nipples which is drying or which may damage nipple skin (e.g. tinct benz co., methyl ed spirits, soap, shampoo, harsh towels, toothbrushes, etc).
  • Wearing poorly-fitted bras and plastic-backed nursing pads.
  • Using suction breast pumps.
  • Using nipple shields.
  • See your medical adviser if soreness persists.

To Help a Cracked Nipple

Follow the suggestions for sore nipples while continuing to feed your baby particularly with regard to correct positioning and allowing air to circulate around your nipples.

  • If it is too painful to feed, take the baby off the breast temporarily to rest the nipple and allow healing to begin.
  • Express by hand (not pump) to keep the milk flowing and to keep up your supply.
  • Feed the expressed milk to your baby.
  • Start feeding again gradually, with short feeds spaced out during the day.
  • See your medical adviser if healing is slow or you need pain relief.
  • If all else fails try a nipple shield. (Use with supervision)
  • Contact a lactation consultant, child health nurse or an ABA breastfeeding counsellor for further help.

To Relieve Engorgement

  • Feed your baby frequently from birth, without limiting sucking time.
  • Take your bra off completely before beginning to breastfeed.
  • Avoid giving other fluids.
  • Wake your baby for a feed if your breasts become full and uncomfortable.
  • Use warmth before feeds.
  • Express a little before feeds if baby has trouble latching and staying on.
  • Massage the breast gently while you are feeding.
  • If necessary, express after feeds.
  • Careful use of cool washed cabbage leaf compresses.
  • Ask your medical adviser or hospital staff about pain relief if required.

To Help Relieve Blocked Ducts

  • Start treatment immediately.
  • Rest as much as possible.
  • Keep the affected breast as empty as possible by feeding frequently.
  • Apply warmth to the affected breast area before a feed.
  • Feed from the affected breast first, when baby is sucking vigorously.
  • Gently but firmly massage the lump toward the nipple during (and after) feeds.
  •  Massage the breast gently while baby feeds.
  • Change feeding positions to help empty the breast.
  • Hand express if necessary.
  • Cold packs after a feed may help relieve pain.
  • See your medical adviser if you cannot clear the lump in 12 hours, or sooner if you develop a fever or feel unwell.

To Relieve Mastitis

  • Start treatment immediately.
  • Follow all the suggestions for a blocked duct.
  • Consult your medical adviser as soon as possible.
  • Go to bed, if you can, and take your baby with you.
  • Breastfeed frequently.

FIGURE REDUCTION COURSE

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What would you do if you woke up with smaller, lighter and firmer breasts tomorrow?

Think about how you would feel experiencing, possibly for the first time since childhood, little to no back or neck pain, no more discomfort from simply wearing a bra, and the freedom to choose whatever clothes you wish to wear. It is common knowledge that women with overly large breasts have a harder time selecting appropriate clothing that will fit, often choosing a top that is several sizes larger than needed ONLY to accommodate the surplus volume of their breasts.

These are among the many reasons why such large numbers of women choose to go under the knife to correct this painful and debilitating problem. But now there is an all-natural herbal formula designed to naturally reduce breast size with no pain, no surgery, and no complications! Its called Alexia Breast Reduction.

With Figure Reduction Course, these problems will stop, WITHOUT painful surgery! And Permanently! With smaller and lighter breasts you will feel like you’re walking on air!

Figure Reduction Course works by targeting the fatty cells (subcutaneous adipose tissue) in the mammary glands. This unique herbal formula, developed under the direction of leading medical scientists and nutritionists, has been seen to target these fatty cells and reduce them in both size and quantity, leading the way to a more feminine and happier you!

Figure Reduction Course is Natural Easy Safe Now your dreams can Become Reality 

Image result for figure reduction

At this site we offer natural products that will change your life, look and feel of your breasts naturally!

The size of a woman’s breasts is partly determined by her genes – the inherited factors that also affect height and frame. It is also influenced by her weight and by hormones.

Large Size may appear droopy, with downward-pointing nipples.

Breast (reduction mammoplasty) may relieve many of the symptoms mentioned above. However, there is always some scarring on the breasts as a result of surgery. This will vary from person to person, and according to the type of incision (surgical cut) that is used. Why not try our course.

Figure Reduction Course is to be taken orally 3 times a day with lots of water. Figure Reduction Course consists of hyaluronic acid, which is a natural substance already present in your body as well. Once in the skin, Figure Reduction Course works by creating volume. some dermal filters are derived from animal substances. The hyaluronic acid in Figure Reduction Course Reduction is from a non-animal source.

A reduction is usually a cosmetic procedure and not essential to your health. You will only qualify for a reduction if you want specific, way to reduce your breasts size with out surgery then try our Figure Reduction Course. We had helped many women for reduce their breast size with our 100% Doctor approved product Figure Reduction Course

Breast surgery is also Very harmful, but it is worth asking you which are the best procedure for you recommend a suitably qualified Doctor.

Advantages of Figure Reduction Course Breast Reduction

  • Eliminate Ridicule from Other Men and Women
  • Wear a Bikini To The Beach
  • top Embarrassing Doctors Visits
  • Improve Your Sex Life
  • Improve Your Health
  • Increase Your Self Esteem
  • Fit Into Shirts Better
  • Reduce Breast Size > Without Surgery > Without Scars
  • Reduce your Bust Size Without Taking Valuable Time Off of Work
  • Feel self confidence
  • Your Man will be impress to see your new look
  • Freedom from heavy sagging breasts
  • Freedom from pain in the neck and back
  • Feel Comfortable while doingexercise
  • Try Our 100% Safe And Guaranteed! Breast Reduction

Figure Reduction Course

LEARN HOW Figure Reduction Course CAN WORK FOR YOU!

What would you do if you woke up with smaller, lighter and firmer breasts tomorrow?

Think about how you would feel experiencing, possibly for the first time since childhood, little to no back or neck pain, no more discomfort from simply wearing a bra, and the freedom to choose whatever clothes you wish to wear. It is common knowledge that women with overly-large breasts have a harder time selecting appropriate clothing that will fit, often choosing a top that is several sizes larger than needed ONLY to accommodate the surplus volume of their breasts.

These are among the many reasons why such large numbers of women choose to go under the knife to correct this painful and debilitating problem. But now there is an all-natural herbal formula designed to naturally reduce breast size with no pain, no surgery, and no complications!

With Figure Reduction Course, these problems will stop, WITHOUT painful surgery! And Permanently! With smaller and lighter breasts you’ll feel like you’re walking on air!

Figure Reduction Course works by targeting the fatty cells (subcutaneous adipose tissue) in the mammary glands. This unique herbal formula, developed under the direction of leading medical scientists and nutritionists, has been seen to target these fatty cells and reduce them in both size and quantity, leading the way to a more feminine and happier you!

The Alternative to Painful Breast Mammapalsty/Surgery..

The Alternative being a more gentler way is to use ” Figure Reduction Course that will target and reduce the fatty deposits, glandular tissue of the breast and surrounding skin and areola. The areola being the the darker skin around the nipple, giving the breast a more firmer, smaller appearance and the man or woman more self confidence in there appearance and the strength to carry on day to day activities without fear of ridicule or fatigue.

Benefits  with Figure Reduction Course

You’ll be rid of the physical discomfort of large breasts, your body will look better proportioned, and clothes will fit you better. it may be four-six months before your breasts settle into their new shape. which is why it is recommended that you use Figure Reduction Course Breast Reduction course for the full suggested six month term. Even then, their shape may fluctuate in response to your hormonal shifts, weight changes, and pregnancy.

Keep in mind you’ll need time to adjust to your new image-as will your family and friends. Be patient with yourself, your friends, and your family. Remember that you chose Figure Reduction Course to help reduce the size, improve your self confidence, gain more energy and become more active for yourself and for your better health.

Energy

Once your breasts have settled and reduced to there new smaller and firmer shape you will notice a increase in energy levels due to you not having to carry the weight of the large, often painful and over-bearing breasts. You will feel free to take longer walks, work longer, all-in-all be more energetic which will also effect other positive weight loss throughout your entire body.

Health

Now that you have become more energetic and are losing more weight from the active new lifestyle you are living, you will notice your breathing has improved, you have a more positive posture, and due to the reduction in breast size and weight loss you will also have a more improved cardio vascular system improving positive blood flow to the heart and the rest of your body.

Self Confidence

Very Shortly after you start to notice the improvements in your breast size you will start to also notice a change in your outlook on life and your self confidence will quickly improve, you may have the strength to talk to the guys you couldn’t talk to before, apply for that job you always wanted. All-in-all you will feel great and will owe it all.

Figure Reduction Course
Try Our 100% Safe and Guaranteed! Breast Reduction COURSE 

Get the smart breasts you’ve always wanted, naturally.

Figure Reduction course >>> Easy >>> Safe Now your dreams can become reality. We offer natural products that will change the look and feel of your breasts naturally!

The size of a woman’s breasts is partly determined by her genes – the inherited factors that also affect height and frame. It is also influenced by her weight and by hormones.

Choosing to have a breast reduction

Women can feel very self-conscious and can become depressed about the size of their breasts. Large breasts can lead to numerous problems, including:

  • back, neck and shoulder pain and grooves in the shoulders from bra straps
  • excessive sweating, rashes and infections under the breasts
  • difficulty participating in sport
  • unwanted attention and comments
  • difficulty in finding comfortable and attractive clothes to fit
  • Women’s or teenage girls feel extremely self-conscious
  • Pain in the neck or back
  • Getting negative comments at public places
  • Uncomfortable to wear clothes of your own choice
  • Heavy breast makes you look older than your age
  • You cannot breathe properly
  • Bra straps gives itching thus lead to skin irritation
  • Feel uncomfortable while doing physical exercise

A breast reduction is usually a cosmetic procedure and not essential to your health. You will only qualify for a reduction if you want specific, way to reduce your breasts size with out surgery then try our Figure Reduction course. We had helped many women for reduce their breast size with our 100% Doctor approved product Figure Reduction course

Breast surgery is also Very harmful, but it is worth asking you which are the best procedure for you recommend a suitably qualified Doctor.

  • Advantages of Figure Reduction course
  • Eliminate Ridicule from Other Men and Women
  • Wear a Bikini To The Beach
  • top Embarrassing Doctors Visits
  • Improve Your Sex Life
  • Improve Your Health
  • Increase Your Self Esteem
  • Fit Into Shirts Better
  • Reduce Breast Size > Without Surgery > Without Scars
  • Reduce your Bust Size Without Taking Valuable Time Off of Work
  • Feel self confidence
  • Your Man will be impress to see your new look
  • Freedom from heavy sagging breasts
  • Freedom from pain in the neck and back
  • Feel Comfortable while doing exercise
  • Ingredients used in the course  are 100% natural herbal extracts used from the Chinese, Indian & African herbs got from the deep thick forest after going through a long research and scientific study.

The Alternative to Painful Breast Surgery

The Alternative being a gentler way is to use “Figure Reduction course ” that will target and reduce the fatty deposits, glandular tissue of the breasts and surrounding skin and areola. The areola being the darker skin around the nipple, giving the breast a more firmer, smaller appearance and the man or woman more self confidence in there appearance and the strength to carry on day to day activities without fear of ridicule or fatigue.

Is your overly large bust holding you back?

Image result for big breast

Over sized breasts cause many problems both physically and emotionally. The good news is that the right reduction treatment can help. Now you can change your life and take charge. Some people may consider breast reduction cosmetic; not at all it actually improves your health and enables pain free living. For many women breast reduction helps them get their lives back.

Need help, but don’t want painful expensive surgery?

Now you can live to the fullest with perfect firm breasts. Escape the stress and strain caused by large, sagging breasts. We now offer you a reliable, non-surgical breast reduction alternative. Now any women with large breasts can reduce the burden. Smaller firmer breasts can now be yours naturally!

Whether you want to reduce your cup size or just desire firmer breasts we can help you!

Avoid Breast Reduction Surgery

Before now, the only breast reduction solution has been expensive cosmetic surgery; technically called a breast reduction mammaplasty. As with all surgical procedures there are many potential negative side effects when going under the knife, and perhaps the biggest problem with breast reduction surgery is that it does leave noticeable and permanent breast scars.

Reduce Bust Size Naturally

Thanks to modern herbological advances, our doctors and scientists have developed a powerful formula shown to reduce breast cup size naturally. We are proud to present Figure Reduction course, the only natural product designed to reduce breast size without surgery.

1Q: What is Figure Reduction Course?

A: Figure Reduction Course is a safe alternative to other methods of breast reduction such as plastic surgery and liposuction. Figure Reduction Course is a 100% safe and natural herbal supplement that has been reported to show significant breast reduction, up to 50.

2Q: How does the Figure Reduction Course work?

A: Figure Reduction Course works by targeting the fatty cells (subcutaneous adipose tissue) in the mammary glands. This unique herbal formula, developed under the direction of leading medical scientists and nutritionists, has been seen to target these fatty cells and reduce them in both size and quantity.

3Q: Are there any negative side effects of Figure Reduction Course?

A: No, absolutely zero, our Figure Reduction Course are made from 100% all natural herbs so you will not experience any side effects. Regardless of your age or medical condition our powerful breast reduction formula can work for you. We recommend that you consult your doctor before taking any of our breast reduction products.

4Q: How long will the Figure Reduction Course take to work?

A: Figure Reduction Course will begin to work instantly. Customers have reported rapid reduction starting a few weeks after using Figure Reduction Course. Most customers will see very satisfying results within 6 months. Plus there are no side effects known to be associated with long term use of this product.

5Q: How many bottles of Figure Reduction Course should I start with?

A: We recommend you start with a 4 month supply (4 bottles). The most popular package we have is our 5 month pill supply. This package is popular because when you order a 4-month supply of Figure Reduction Course, you’ll get your 5th month ABSOLUTELY FREE,

6Q: How long should I take Figure Reduction Course?

A: Take Figure Reduction Course until you reach your desired breast size. There have been no reported side effects associated with the use of Figure Reduction Course. Many women decide to continue taking Figure Reduction Course even after a 3-6 month supply. Further decreases in breast size are entirely possible with continued use of Figure Reduction Course.

7Q: I have high blood pressure, can I use your Figure Reduction Course?

A: Our herbal products are not known to raise or lower systemic blood pressure. Please contact your doctor if you are taking any regular medication to ensure our herbal product does not interfere with the effectiveness of your prescription.

8Q: Are the reductions permanent?

A: You can stop taking Figure Reduction Course when you reach your desired size and you will never have to take it again. There have been no reported loss of results after you discontinue use of the product.

9Q: Will one breast reduce at a faster rate than the other?

A: Figure Reduction Course results are uniform. The reduction process is equal in both the right and left breast. The beauty of Figure Reduction Course results are that you will NOT get scarring, there will be NO loss of the ability to breast feed, as so many women find occurs after breast reduction surgery.

10Q: Can you ship to my country?

A: Yes, we ship worldwide. If you would like to ask about your specific country, feel free to contact us.

BREAST COMPOSITION

Breast consists of

  • Cooper’s Ligament: a strong ligamentous band extending upward and backward from the base of Gimbernat’s ligament along the iliopectineal line to which it is attached — called also ligament of Cooper.
  • Pectoralis major: a larger chest muscle that arises from the clavicle, the sternum, the cartilages of most or all of the ribs, and the aponeurosis of the external oblique muscle and is inserted by a strong flat tendon into the posterior bicipital ridge of the humerus.
  • Pectoralis minor: a smaller chest muscle that lies beneath the larger, arises from the third, fourth, and fifth ribs, and is inserted by a flat tendon into the coracoid process of the scapula.
  • Connective tissue: a tissue of mesodermal origin rich in intercellular substance or interlacing processes with little tendency for the cells to come together in sheets or masses;
  • Specifically : connective tissue of stellate or spindle-shaped cells with interlacing processes that pervades, supports, and binds together other tissues and forms ligaments and tendons.
  • Blood vessels: any of the vessels through which blood circulates in the body.
  • Ribs: any of the paired curved bony or partly cartilaginous rods that stiffen the lateral walls of the body of most vertebrates and protect the viscera, that occur in mammals exclusively or almost exclusively in the thoracic region, and that in humans normally include 12 pairs of which all are articulated with the spinal column at the dorsal end and the first 10 are connected also at the ventral end with the sternum by costal cartilages.
  • Subcutaneous fat: fat cells being, living, used, or made under the skin.
  • Infra-mammary crease: infra- meaning below, mammary meaning breast. The fold or crease under the breast where the breast lobe meets the torso.
  • Breast fat: fatty tissue found above the glandular tissue of the breast. The breast is mostly made up of lobules, milk ducts, fat, and glandular tissue.
  • Ducts: a bodily tube or vessel especially when carrying the secretion of a gland, specifically breast milk. esp. lactiferous ducts, milk ducts.
  • Glandular tissue: of, relating to, or involving glands, gland cells, or their products; specifically breast milk production. esp. lobules.
  • Nipple: the protuberance of a mammary gland upon which in the female the lactiferous ducts open and from which milk is drawn.
  • Lobules: The glandular part of the breast where milk is produced.

Breast Envelope: the skin which surrounds the structure of the breast.

Breast Composition

The breast is a mass of glandular, fatty, and fibrous tissues positioned over the pectoral muscles of the chest wall and attached to the chest wall by fibrous strands called Cooper’s ligaments. A layer of fatty tissue surrounds the breast glands and extends throughout the breast. The fatty tissue gives the breast a soft consistency.

The glandular tissues of the breast house the lobules (milk producing glands at the ends of the lobes) and the ducts (milk passages). Toward the nipple, each duct widens to form a sac (ampulla). During lactation, the bulbs on the ends of the lobules produce milk. Once milk is produced, it is transferred through the ducts to the nipple.

  • The breast is composed of:
  • Milk glands (lobules) that produce milk
  • Ducts that transport milk from the milk glands (lobules) to the nipple
  • Nipple
  • Areola (pink or brown pigmented region surrounding the nipple)
  • Connective (fibrous) tissue that surrounds the lobules and ducts
  • Fat

Your Breasts

The breasts are not a part of the woman’s genitals. They develop as a result of the action of the sexual hormones that manifest in puberty.

However, this does not mean that they do not take part in the erotic life of the woman, through their important psychological role.

The breasts are first of all important for breast-feeding the baby, apart from the usual erotic pleasure.

The Constitution of the Breasts

  

The mammal gland is usually “in pause”, except for the interval of pregnancy and breast-feeding. The main constituents of the breast are the conjunctive tissue, rich in elastic fibers and the adipose tissue, rich in fat.

Each breast has 15 to 20 sections, called lobes that are arranged like the petals of a daisy. Each lobe has many smaller lobules, which end in dozens of tiny bulbs that can produce milk.

The lobes, lobules, and bulbs are all linked by thin tubes called ducts. These ducts lead to the nipple in the center of a dark area of skin called the areola. Fat fills the spaces between lobules and ducts.

There are no muscles in the breast, but muscles lie under each breast and cover the ribs.

Each breast also contains blood vessels and vessels that carry lymph. The lymph vessels lead to small bean-shaped organs called lymph nodes, clusters of which are found under the arm, above the collarbone, and in the chest, as well as in many other parts of the body.

Anatomy And Physiology

Each of these accessory reproductive glands lies on the superior surface of the chest wall lying mostly on top of the pectoral’s muscle.

During pregnancy the alveoli enlarge and during lactation the cells secrete milk substances, i.e. proteins and lipids. The cells surrounding the alveoli contract to express the milk during lactation.

Breast tissue is supported by ligaments called Coopers ligaments that keep the breasts in their characteristic shape and position. In the case of older women or in pregnancy these ligaments become loose or stretched, respectively, and the breasts sag.

Reproductive hormones are important in the development of the breast in puberty and in lactation. Estrogen promotes the growth of the gland and ducts while progesterone stimulates the development of milk producing cells.

Prolactin, released from the anterior pituitary gland, stimulates milk production. Oxytocin, released from the posterior pituitary in response to suckling, causes milk ejection from the lactating breast.

In response to hormone stimulation, the breasts enlarge due to the growth of ductal and alveolar tissues and an increase in fat deposits. The nipple and areola also enlarge and become more sensitive to touch.

When the woman begins to menstruate, the breasts undergo a periodic premenstrual phase that varies with the individual but can include an increase in size, swelling and tenderness.

The symptoms subside within a few days of the onset of bleeding. During pregnancy, the breasts increase in size dramatically due to the influence of progesterone.

The nipple and areola become deeply pigmented and increase in size. The necessary machinery to produce milk by late pregnancy replaces most of the fat. After delivery the breasts begin to secrete milk.

The gland rapidly returns to the pre-pregnant state when nursing ceases. The postmenopausal breast may retain its shape but the milk producing machinery is mostly replaced by fat.

Nonetheless, the mammal gland gets its definitive structure only during pregnancy.

BREAST SIZE, APPEARANCE AND CHANGES OVER TIME

The size and shape of women’s breasts varies considerably. Some women have a large amount of breast tissue, and therefore, have large breasts. Other women have a smaller amount of tissue with little breast fat.

Factors that may influence a woman’s breast size include:

  • Volume of breast tissue
  • Family history
  • Age
  • Weight loss or gain
  • History of pregnancies and lactation
  • Thickness and elasticity of the breast skin
  • Degree of hormonal influences on the breast (particularly estrogen and progesterone) Menopause

A woman’s breasts are rarely balanced (symmetrical). Usually, one breast is slightly larger or smaller, higher or lower, or shaped differently than the other. The size and characteristics of the nipple also vary greater from one woman to another. In some women, the nipples are constantly erect. In others, they will only become erect when stimulated by cold or touch. Some women also have inverted (turned in) nipples. Inverted nipples are not a cause for concern unless the condition is a new change. Since there are hair follicles around the nipple, hair on the breast is not uncommon.

The nipple can be flat, round, or cylindrical in shape. The color of the nipple is determined by the thinness and pigmentation of its skin. The nipple and areola (pigmented region surrounding the nipple) contain specialized muscle fibers that respond to stimulation to make the nipple erect. The areola also houses the Montgomery’s gland that may appear as tiny, raised bumps on the surface of the areola. The Montgomery’s gland helps lubricate the areola. When the nipple is stimulated, the muscle fibers will contract, the areola will pucker, and the nipples become hard.

Breast shape and appearance undergo a number of changes as a woman ages. In young women, the breast skin stretches and expands as the breasts grow, creating a rounded appearance. Young women tend to have denser breasts (more glandular tissue) than older women.

During each menstrual cycle, breast tissue tends to swell from changes in the body’s levels of estrogen and progesterone. The milk glands and ducts enlarge, and in turn, the breasts retain water. During menstruation, breasts may temporarily feel swollen, painful, tender, or lumpy.

The Effects of Hormones On Breast Tissues

The breast is responsive to a complex interplay of hormones that cause the breast tissue to develop,
enlarge and produce milk. The three major hormones affecting the breast are estrogen, progesterone and prolactin, which cause glandular tissue in both the breast and uterus to change during a woman’s menstrual cycle. Because of reduced hormonal levels, the breasts are less full for 1 to 2 weeks after menstrual flow; therefore, it may be easier to detect breast lumps during this time. Reduction of hormonal levels is also responsible for the breast’s return to its pre-pregnant state after breast-feeding is concluded.

Breast shape and appearance change as a woman ages. In the young woman the breast skin is stretched and expanded by the developing breasts. The breast in the adolescent is usually hemispherical, rounded and equally full in all areas. As a woman gets older, the topside of the breast tissue settles to a lower position, the skin stretches and the shape of the breast changes. After menopause, with the decrease of hormonal activity, the composition of the breast changes; the amount of glandular tissue decreases and fat and ductal tissue become the predominant components of the breast. Reduction in glandular volume can result in further looseness of the breast skin.

Shapes of Breast

Image result for shapes of breast

Breasts are the most definitive organs of a woman, and they also lend woman with grace, beauty and tremendous self-confidence. Actually, breasts are collections of fatty tissues called connective tissues or adipose tissues that are bonded by a layer of skin. The adipose tissues are held in place by Cooper’s ligaments. The terminal end of the breast contains a nipple, surrounded by the areola

The color of the areola differs from woman to woman. It can range from a bright fleshy pink to a darker shade of brown. Also, the size of areola differs. The areola can be so small as not to be seen behind the nipple at all, or it may spread to a wide area around the breast, which could be several inches across. Moreover, the size and shape of the areola (and the entire breast) keeps changing during the lifecycle of a woman.

What’s the average women’s breast size?

There have been many studies with similar results about women’s breast size increases.

According to the results of the “UK” survey  the average bra size in the UK has increased from a 34B in the 1950s to a 36C today.

Lingerie manufacturer Frederick’s of Hollywood reports that in 1996, the average size of bras they sold was 34B. Currently, the average is a 36C. Now, granted those who purchase lingerie from Frederick’s are not statistically representative sampling of American women. Nonetheless, this change is extremely interesting.

According to The Penguin Atlas of Human Sexual Behavior, breasts across Asia grew from 34A to 34C between 1980 and 2000.

There could be many reasons for the increase in the average woman’s breast size, including over the last couple of decades the popularity of cosmetic surgery and the breast augmentation.  Couple that with the resent advances in natural breast enlargement pills and breast enlargement creams.  So it looks like women actually have been getting bigger as the American and for that matter the world has grown fascinated with larger breast.  Now lets not forget the other major contributor to women’s breast getting larger and that is weight gain.  With American’s becoming more over weight over the years, that I’m sure has contributed to some of the increases in bra sizes.  If your interested in increasing your breast size we would recommend you take a look at some of the reviews we have on natural breast enlargement.

So how does your bust compare to the average woman?

Cup Size % Women
AA 1%
A 11%
B 28%
C 44%
D 14%
DD 2%
Other Interesting Breast Facts
Cup Size % Women
D cup or larger 16%
C Cup or larger 60%

Types of Breasts

As faces of people are different, so also are breasts. No two women will have identical breasts. The size and shape of the breasts depends upon genetic factors, regionalism, diet, climate and several other factors. Though there are several variations of breasts, some types can be classified broadly as follows:

  1. Perfect Breast

The perfect breast shape is quite a rarity. In both medicine and esthetics, the perfect breast shape is the one in which the nipple points outwards, parallel to the ground. There should be no sag and the breast should be supple and well-toned.

  1. Swooping Breast

This shape is the one in which the breast slightly bends inwards above the areola. There is no sag however. Due to the bending of the breast, the nipple points upwards, inclined to the vertical.

  1. Saggy or plotic Breasts

Saggy breasts are commonly found in women as their age advances. These breasts droop downwards, causing the nipple to be pointed downwards too. Saggy breasts may have more or little volume, depending on the amount of fat tissues in them.

  1. Small Breasts

Small breasts are breasts that have very little volume of fatty tissue in them. Small breasts also have small nipples and areolas. There is very little substance between the nipples and the pectoral muscles.

  1. Tubular or Constricted Breasts

These are actually a defective breast shape which may be cause due to hernia in the breast tissue. They are visible as tubular or narrow cylindrical in shape, with very small nipples and areolas. Their base is also small, and the two breasts may be far apart.

  1. Augmented Breasts

These are a severe condition of tubular breasts. There are visible anomalies in the shape of the breasts.

  1. Pectus Carinatum or Pigeon Breasts

Though these are the main breast shapes seen around, they are not in the least all. There are several variations even in the above types of breasts. Some abnormalities in breasts are also common. Given below are some common abnormalities that are observed in breasts:

  • Many women have asymmetrical breasts. The asymmetry may be only in the shape and size of the breast, or it may also be seen in the shape and size of the nipple and the areola.
  • Some women may have hair around their nipples.
  • Some women may have inverted nipples.

Despite these abnormalities, these breasts are able to perform their main function, which is lactation. Hence, the outward shape of the breast is only for purposes of beauty, and not for physiology

Breast Sagging (PTOSIS)

Most women’s breasts lose their perk with age and extremely large-breasted women will be affected earlier and to a certain degree. But the reasons aren’t related to ligaments or even strictly dependent on breast size. Much more important are inherited characteristics such as skin elasticity and breast density which reflects the ratio of lightweight fat to heavier glands.

There is the tendency for older women to show sagging of the breasts. The sagging is caused by partial deterioration of the glandular tissues that produce firmness of the breasts and some stretching of the tissues connecting the breasts to their muscles. Measures may be taken earlier in life that may prevent, or at least reduce, sagging later in life. They include wearing supportive brassieres during pregnancy, breast feeding, and exercising.

Breast sagging occurs for several different reasons – multiple pregnancies, breast feeding, rapid weight loss, genetics, gravity and age.

Just as all body tissues are susceptible to the effects of gravity over time, the breast, because it is an external organ and not protected from external forces, also undergoes changes over time. The connective tissues supporting the breast are always under constant stretch due to the effects of gravity on the weight of the breast, this effect eventually causes the relaxation of these supporting ligaments creating the sagging effect. Breast feeding is another contributor to breast sagging because of the expansion and contraction of the breast tissue over months of breast feeding eventually results in drooping breast changes in susceptible women. Other women may be prone to ptosis because of changes in weight, genetics or multiple pregnancies.

Another reason for breasts sagging is the lack of the hormone estrogen, which occurs at menopause. This reduction in estrogen affects all the tissues of the body, including breast tissue, and results in a reduction in size and fullness. The milk secretion process is also halted by this time. Much of the connective tissue in the breast is composed of a fibrous protein called collagen, which needs estrogen to keep it healthy. Without estrogen, it becomes dehydrated and loses it’s elasticity.

Both during pregnancy and as you reach menopause – make breasts sag even more. During pregnancy, the hormones estrogen and progesterone, which are secreted by the ovaries and the placenta, stimulate development of the 15 to 20 lobes of milk-secreting glands embedded in the breast’s fatty tissue. These changes are permanent. And although the glands may be empty after they’re no longer needed to produce milk, they will still add bulk and firmness to the breast. Once menopause arrives, however, the drop in estrogen and progesterone signal the breast that its milk ducts and lobes can retire. As a result, the breasts shrinks, add fat and begins to sag over and above the demands of gravity. Fortunately there are three ways to prevent, and sometimes reverse, both saggy and stretch marks breasts.

Premature sagging occurs as a result of stretching the Cooper’s ligaments that help suspend and support the breast. Breast ptosis can result from a loosening of the skin and suspensory ligaments. Gravity and weight of breasts take their toll over time. Ptosis can also come from a reduction in the volume of breast tissue. This can occur after pregnancy and weight loss.

One of the reasons for sagging breasts is age! As we age, our skin ages too. It does not hold things up as well as it did when we were young, becasue it has lost some of its elasticity. The older we get the less elastic our skin becomes. Thats why so many older women have sagging breasts.

If you are a young woman with breasts that are sagging, it may be for several other reasons. If you are not getting enough support from your bra or not wearing a bra at all, your breasts can start to sag due to lack of support. This is especially true for larger breasted women, and women who may be participating in sports without the proper sports bra. The third reason for the onset of sagging breasts in some younger women is change in overall breast size after having a baby. A woman’s breasts generally become larger and engorged with milk in preparation for breastfeeding. Once breastfeeding is over, her breasts may not snap back.

As we age, after pregnancy (or exposure to breast growth due to hormones) or weight gain then loss, we experience atrophy of the breast tissue and it’s envelope. From pregnancy or hormone-induced gain then loss — this loss is called involution. From weight gain, then loss — this is from the body losing the filling and fat which it had prior to the weight loss. Aging is merciless and we start losing collagen and elastin and the breast envelope begins to thin, weaken and eventually – becomes ptotic (saggy).

After our breasts enlarge due to pregnancy they usually shrink postpartumly. Other changes result from having breastfed, estrogen and progesterone supplementation in the form or shots, implants or medications, hormonal disorders, menopause and lastly age. As we age our skin thins, we lose breast volume due to the shrinking of our lobules due to a decrease in hormones. We also lose body fat in areas where we want it, and seem to somehow selectively gain it where we do not.

Different Levels Of Sagging

There are certainly varying degrees of ptosis which only need certain smaller lifts for correction and other cases which need a full lifting. Following are the most commonly described ptotic grades to help you better determine what you may need.

How to Tell Your Degree of Ptosis

Determine your mammary crease as it is directly underneath the breasts. These two levels may be higher than one another. You can use a ruler if you wish it. The highest part of the ruler should be directly against the junction of the breast and ribcage.

Mild Ptosis

If the central point of your nipple (not your areola) is slightly above or directly in front of the top of this ruler (your breast crease) – you may have Grade 1 ptosis. Very mild to mild ptosis usually needs only a crescent lift.

Mild to Moderate

If the central point of your nipple (not your areola) is 1 – 3 cm below the top of this ruler (your breast crease) you may have Grade 2 ptosis i.e. . Mild to Moderate Ptosis.

Savere Ptosis

If the central point of your nipple (including your areola) is more than 3 cm below the top of this ruler (your breast crease) you may have Grade 3 ptosis i.e. Severe Ptosis.

Pseudo – Ptosis

Psuedo-ptosis is when your nipple is still slightly or well above your inframammary crease but it still appears droopy due to the presence of a significant, but somewhat flattened, breast lobe. Usually persons with pseudo-ptosis have smaller areola complexes which did not stretch during the pregnancy or weight gain.

Mild Ptosis, Asymmmetry

Even though you pass the “tests” above you may still feel as though your breasts are too low on your chest wall or that your areolae have stretched out.

Low Breast

Like said above, some women’s breasts actually sit on the chest wall lower. They have no ptosis, have good volume and a proper infra-mammary crease, BUT – the entire breast complex is rather low on the torso.

NORMAL BREAST DEVELOPMENT

big-bra

What is normal breast development?

Breast development is a vital part of reproduction in the human female. Unlike other mammals, however, human females are the only ones who develop full breasts long before they are needed to nurse their offspring.

Breast development occurs in distinct stages throughout a woman’s life, first before birth, and again at puberty and during the childbearing years. Changes also occur to the breasts during menstruation and when a woman reaches menopause.

The development and kinds of breast changes that take place are directly related to age. There are three phases of development: tubule development, which takes place between the ages of 10 and 25; glandular development, which is under the influence of menstrual hormones and occurs between the ages of about 13 and 45, and involution, or shrinkage of the milk ducts, which begins from about age 35 on.

When does breast development begin?

This first stage of development begins at about six weeks of fetal development with a thickening called the mammary ridge or the milk line. By six months of development this extends all the way down to the groin, but then regresses. At this time, solid columns of cells form from each breast bud, with each column becoming a separate sweat gland. Each of these has its own separate duct leading to the nipple. By the final months of fetal development, these columns have become hollow, and by the time a female infant is born, a nipple and the beginnings of the milk-duct system have formed.

What breast changes happen at puberty?

Image result for normal breast development

As a girl approaches adolescence, the first outward signs of breast development begin to appear. When the ovaries start to secrete estrogen, fat in the connective tissue begins to accumulate causing the breasts to enlarge. The duct system also begins to grow. Usually the onset of these breast changes is also accompanied by the appearance of pubic hair and hair under the arms.

Once ovulation and menstruation begin, the maturing of the breasts begins with the formation of secretory glands at the end of the milk ducts. The breasts and duct system continue to grow and mature, with the development of many glands and lobules. The rate at which breasts grow varies greatly and is different for each young woman.

Female Breast Developmental Stages

Stage 1 (Preadolescent) only the tip of the nipple is raised
Stage 2 buds appear, breast and nipple raised, and the areola (dark area of skin that surrounds the nipple) enlarges
Stage 3 breasts are slightly larger with glandular breast tissue present
Stage 4 the areola and nipple become raised and form a second mound above the rest of the breast
Stage 5        mature adult breast; the breast becomes rounded and only the nipple is raised

Five Stages of Breast Development

  1. Breasts during childhood

The breasts are flat and show no signs of development

  1. Breast bud stage

Milk ducts and fat tissue form a small mound

  1. Breast continue to grow

Breast become rounder and fuller

  1. Nipple and areola form separate small mound.(Not all girls go through this stage)

Some skip stage 4 and go directly to stage 5

  1. Breast growth enters finial stage Adult breast is full and round shaped.

What cyclical changes occur to the breasts during menstruation?

Each month, women experience fluctuations in hormones that make up the normal menstrual cycle. Estrogen, which is produced by the ovaries in the first half of the menstrual cycle, stimulates the growth of milk ducts in the breasts. The increasing level of estrogen leads to ovulation halfway through the cycle, and then the hormone progesterone takes over in the second half of the cycle, stimulating the formation of the milk glands. These hormones are believed to be responsible for the cyclical changes such as the swelling, pain, and tenderness that many women experience in their breasts just before menstruation.

During menstruation, many women also experience changes in breast texture, with breasts feeling particularly lumpy. These are the glands in the breast enlarging to prepare for a possible pregnancy. If pregnancy does not occur, the breasts return to normal size. Once menstruation begins, the cycle begins again.

What happens to the breasts during pregnancy and lactation?

Many physicians believe the breasts are not fully mature until a woman has given birth and produced milk. Breast changes are one of the earliest signs of pregnancy – a result of the pregnancy hormone, progesterone. In addition, the areolas (the dark areas of skin that surround the nipples of the breasts) begin to swell followed by the rapid swelling of the breasts themselves. Most pregnant women experience tenderness down the sides of the breasts and tingling or soreness of the nipples because of the growth of the milk duct system and the formation of the many more lobules.

By the fifth or sixth month of pregnancy, the breasts are fully capable of producing milk. As in puberty, estrogen controls the growth of the ducts and progesterone controls the growth of the glandular buds. Many other hormones, such as follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), prolactin, oxytocin, and human placental lactogen (HPL) also play vital roles in milk production.

Other physical changes, such as the prominence of the blood vessels in the breast and the enlargement and darkening of the areola occur. All of these changes are in preparation for breastfeeding the baby after birth.

Breasts During Breastfeeding and Weaning

  

During breastfeeding, the breasts are larger than before pregnancy and can appear quite full (they are full of milk). Of course, after a nursing session the fullness is much less. In general they are about the same size as during pregnancy, just varying in fullness according to the baby’s feedings.

With weaning, the milk glands atrophy or shrink to almost nothing. This will make the breast look very empty. Remember, at lot of the fat left the breasts during pregnancy. After weaning, over the course of several months, the body will start depositing fat into the breasts again, and so gradually the breasts will regain their pre-pregnancy size or close to it.

However, that “fat back to breasts” does not happen to all women. Some women do end up with empty-looking breasts after weaning. You can consider it a mark of motherhood! That is, until the next pregnancy possibly comes along, and the cycle starts again: the milk glands develop, the ducts grow in length, etc.

Breast Development During Pregnancy 

Breasts grow in size considerably during pregnancy because of further growth of the milk ducts and milk producing glands.  Teenagers breasts are mostly fat, but during pregnancy that fat gradually disappears and gives space for the milk-producing system.

Also the areola enlargens and becomes darker, making a big contrast with the surrounding skin, as if really pointing out where the “nutrition center” is.  Thus the breasts will be fully mature and ready for their job, producing milk for the child.

What happens to the breasts at menopause?

By the time a woman reaches her late 40s and early 50s, menopause is beginning or is well underway. At this time, the levels of estrogen and progesterone begin to fluctuate, with levels of estrogen dramatically decreasing. This leads to many of the symptoms commonly associated with menopause. With this reduction in the stimulation by estrogen to all tissues of the body, including the breast tissue, there is a reduction in the glandular tissue of the breasts. Without estrogen, the connective tissue of the breast becomes dehydrated and inelastic, and the breast tissue, which was prepared to make milk, shrinks and loses shape. This leads to the “sagging” of the breasts often associated with women of this age.

Women who are on hormone replacement therapy may experience some of the premenstrual breast symptoms that they experienced while they were still menstruating, which can even include tenderness and swelling. However, if there was sagging of the breasts before menopause, this is not reversed with hormone replacement therapy.

Changes during Menopause

In menopause, the milk producing system – ducts and milk glands – shrink, and are replaced by fat (just like after weaning). That makes the breasts softer. Also the connective tissue loses strength, which makes the breasts sag more.

Teens Worry If Their Breasts Are Normal

As the following comments sent to this website show, teenagers do worry a lot about their breast size/shape/development, and many teen girls wish for bigger breasts:

Breast Size

Breast size is determined by your genes. You can look to your mom and other female relatives and get somewhat of an idea of what your breast size might end up being, though this is NOT a guarantee.

Another factor in breast size is how skinny/fat you are. As mentioned already, breasts have a lot of fat in them. The skinnier you are, the less fat your breasts contain and smaller they are. When you gain weight (or fat) in general, some of that fat will get deposited in your breasts, so that is why obese people will have bigger breasts. And if you lose weight (fat) from your body, some of that fat will be lost from your breasts, too. This explains why athletic girls often have small breasts – their body’s fat content is fairly small. The same is of course true for anorexic girls.

Unfortunately, when you lose weight and your breasts will be smaller, they often end up sagging more, as the skin is already stretched but now there is less “stuff” to fill it. There is no sure way to prevent this.

Some girls end up being flat-chested – Flat-chested girls lack the fat in breasts but they have the milk producing system in there and can breastfeed. Please read our page about being flat-chested to learn more. Being flat-chested doesn’t mean you have to get worried – but if you don’t get your period by age 15, that is a sign of delayed puberty.

We hope knowing these facts will ease your mind off from worrying.  You may have heard or read these same facts about breast development elsewhere, too.  They are commonly known and commonly noted.  So the chances are you are developing just normally and there’s no reason to be concerned.

Anorexia and Breasts

Anorexia, bulimia, or severe dieting will cause the fat to disappear from breasts, and that is why breasts of an anorexic girl will look very small, or shrunken.

When such a girl is recovering and gaining weight again, fat gets deposited back to the breasts. However, it won’t always be the same amount of fat as was there before.

The milk ducts and glands shouldn’t be affected – if they had already developed! But if anorexia hits while the breasts are growing ducts and glands, then that development will stop since the starved body will stop producing hormones that drive that growth.

With anorexia, it is hard to say how things will go afterwards. Most girls become fertile again and resume menstruation, or continue their pubertal development if it wasn’t finished, but some girls never gain their menstruation and fertility back even after recovery.

Maturity of the Breast

big-breasts-800x321

Once a young woman reaches puberty, and ovulation and the menstrual cycle begins, the breasts start to mature, forming real secretory glands at the ends of the milk ducts. Initially these glands are very primitive and may consist of only one or two layers of cells surrounded by a base membrane.

Between this membrane and the glandular cells are cells of another type, called myo-epithelial cells, these cells are the ones that contract and squeeze milk from the gland if pregnancy occurs and milk production takes place.

With further growth, the lobes of the glands become separated from one another by dense connective tissue and fat deposits. This tissue is easily stretched. This is where the natural enlargement formula comes in and allows the enlargement that normally occurs during pregnancy when the glandular elements swell and grow

The duct system grows considerably after conception and many more glands and lobules are formed. This causes the breast to increase in size as it matures to fulfill its role of providing food for the baby.

Female Changes

Most women notice that just before menstruation their breasts enlarge and their nipples become sensitive and even painful. The texture of the breasts change and they become rather lumpy, with small discrete swellings that resemble orange pips in both texture and size. These lumps are glands in the breast which enlarge in preparation for pregnancy.

If pregnancy doesn’t occur, breasts return to their normal size and the glands become imperceptible to touch within a few days, ready for re-growth the next month. These changes in the breast are only one part of many changes that occur in the female body as the result of the monthly ebb and flow of the female hormones estrogen and progesterone.

Aging of the Breasts

As we get older, our breasts tend to sag and flatten; the larger the breasts, the more they sag. With the menopause there is a reduction in stimulation by the hormone oestrogen to all tissues of the body, including breast tissue; this results in a reduction in the glandular tissue of the breasts. So they loose their earlier fullness.

Regular exercise would have however prevented or slowed down the ageing process. Much of the connective tissue in the breast is composed of a fibrous protein called collagen, which needs oestrogen to keep it healthy. Without oestrogen, it becomes dehydrated and inelastic. Once the collagen has lost its shape and stretchability it “was” believed that it could not return to its former state or condition.

FEMALE HARMONES

FSH – LH – Estradiol

Estrogen is a group of hormones primarily responsible for the development of female sex organs and secondary sex characteristics. While estrogen is one of the major female sex hormones, small amounts are found in males. In women, follicular stimulating hormone (FSH; produced by the pituitary gland) stimulates cells (follicles) surrounding the eggs in the ovaries, causing them to produce estrogen. When the estrogen levels reach a certain level, the pituitary produces a surge of luteinizing hormone (LH), which eventually causes the release of the egg, beginning the preparation for fertilization.

There are three main estrogen fractions: estrone (E1), estradiol (E2), and estriol (E3).

Estrone (E1) is the major estrogen after menopause. It is derived from metabolites from the adrenal gland and is often made in adipose tissue (fat).

Estradiol (E2) is produced in women mainly in the ovary. In men, the testes and adrenal glands are the principal source of estradiol. In women, normal levels of estradiol provide for proper ovulation, conception, and pregnancy, in addition to promoting healthy bone structure and regulating cholesterol levels. Estradiol levels are used to help evaluate ovarian function. Estradiol helps diagnose the cause of precocious puberty in girls and gynecomastia in men. Its main use has been in the differential diagnosis of amenorrhea (for example, to determine whether the cause is menopause, pregnancy, or a medical problem). In assisted reproductive technology (ART), serial measurements are used to monitor follicle development in the ovary in the days prior to in-vitro fertilization. Estradiol is also sometimes used to monitor menopausal hormone replacement therapy.

Estriol (E3) is the major estrogen in pregnancy, with relatively large amounts produced in the placenta (from precursors produced by the fetal adrenal glands and liver). Estriol levels start to rise in the eighth week of pregnancy and continue to rise until shortly before delivery. Serum estriol circulating in maternal blood is quickly cleared out of the body. Each measurement of estriol is a snapshot of what is happening with the placenta and fetus, but there is also natural daily variation in the estriol level.

Female hormones may be measured from a blood sample drawn from a vein in your arm, a 24-hour urine sample, or (in some cases) a fresh saliva sample. However blood, urine, and saliva results are not interchangeable.

Normal Estrogens Levels in pg/mL
Prepubertal    <40
Female Cycle
 1-10 Days 61 – 394
 11-20 Days 122 – 437
21-30 Days 156 – 350
Post-Menopausal        <40
HMG Treatment for Ovulation
                               Induction 400 – 800

Estrogens & Progesterone

This test measures the level of estrogen and progesterone in the blood.

Estrogens is a group of hormones primarily responsible for the development of female sex organs and secondary sex characteristics. While estrogen is one of the major female sex hormones, small amounts are found in males. In women, follicular stimulating hormone (FSH; produced by the pituitary gland) stimulates cells (follicles) surrounding the eggs in the ovaries, causing them to produce estrogen. When the estrogen levels reach a certain level, the pituitary produces a surge of luteinizing hormone (LH), which eventually causes the release of the egg, beginning the preparation for fertilization.

On a monthly basis, the hormone estrogen causes the endometrium (the lining of the uterus) to grow and replenish itself, while a surge in lutenizing hormone (LH) leads to the release of an egg from one of two ovaries. A corpus luteum (small yellow cellular mass) then forms in the ovary at the site where the egg was released and begins to produce progesterone. This progesterone (supplemented by small amounts produced by the adrenal glands) stops endometrial growth and readies the uterus for the possible implantation of a fertilized egg.

If fertilization does not occur, the corpus luteum degenerates, progesterone levels drop, and menstrual bleeding begins. If a fertilized egg is implanted in the uterus, the corpus luteum continues to produce progesterone. After several weeks, the placenta replaces the corpus luteum as the main source of progesterone, creating relatively large amounts of the hormone throughout the rest of a normal pregnancy. Progesterone is measured to help determine the cause of infertility, track ovulation, help diagnose an ectopic or failing pregnancy, monitor the health of a pregnancy, and help diagnose the cause of abnormal uterine bleeding.

There are three main estrogen fractions: estrone (E1), estradiol (E2), and estriol (E3).

Estrone (E1) is the major estrogen after menopause. It is derived from metabolites from the adrenal gland and is often made in adipose tissue (fat).

Estradiol (E2) is produced in women mainly in the ovary. In men, the testes and adrenal glands are the principal source of estradiol. In women, normal levels of estradiol provide for proper ovulation, conception, and pregnancy, in addition to promoting healthy bone structure and regulating cholesterol levels. Estradiol levels are used to help evaluate ovarian function. Estradiol helps diagnose the cause of precocious puberty in girls and gynecomastia in men. Its main use has been in the differential diagnosis of amenorrhea (for example, to determine whether the cause is menopause, pregnancy, or a medical problem). In assisted reproductive technology (ART), serial measurements are used to monitor follicle development in the ovary in the days prior to in-vitro fertilization. Estradiol is also sometimes used to monitor menopausal hormone replacement therapy.

Estriol (E3) is the major estrogen in pregnancy, with relatively large amounts produced in the placenta (from precursors produced by the fetal adrenal glands and liver). Estriol levels start to rise in the eighth week of pregnancy and continue to rise until shortly before delivery. Serum estriol circulating in maternal blood is quickly cleared out of the body. Each measurement of estriol is a snapshot of what is happening with the placenta and fetus, but there is also natural daily variation in the estriol level.

Female hormones may be measured from a blood sample drawn from a vein in your arm, a 24-hour urine sample, or (in some cases) a fresh saliva sample. However blood, urine, and saliva results are not interchangeable.

Progesterone is a steroid hormone whose main role is to help prepare a woman’s body for pregnancy; it works in conjunction with several other female hormones.

At specific times during a woman’s menstrual cycle to determine whether/when she is ovulating; during early pregnancy if symptoms suggest an ectopic or failing pregnancy; throughout pregnancy to help determine placenta and fetal health; and in cases of abnormal uterine bleeding

Since progesterone levels vary predictably throughout the menstrual cycle, multiple (serial) measurements can be used to help recognize and manage some causes of infertility. Progesterone can be measured to determine whether or not a woman has ovulated, to determine when ovulation occurred, and to monitor the success of induced ovulation.

In early pregnancy, progesterone measurements may be used, along with human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) testing, to help diagnose an ectopic or failing pregnancy (progesterone levels will be lower than expected), although this will not differentiate between the two conditions. Progesterone levels also may be measured throughout a high-risk pregnancy to help evaluate placenta and fetal health.

Progesterone levels may be monitored in women who have trouble maintaining a pregnancy, as low levels of the hormone can lead to miscarriage. If a woman is receiving progesterone injections to help support her early pregnancy, her progesterone levels may be monitored on a regular basis to help determine the effectiveness of that treatment.

In women who are not pregnant, progesterone levels may be used, along with other tests, to help determine the cause of abnormal uterine bleeding.

Normal Female Progesterone Levels in ng/mL
 Follicular 0.2 –   1.4
 Luteal 3.3 –  25.6
Mid-luteal 4.4 –  28.0
Postmenopausal 0.0 –   0.7
Pregnancy
      1st Trimester 11.2 –  90.0
2nd Trimester 25.5 –  89.4
3rd Trimester 48.4 – 422.5

Comprehension Female Hormones Panel

This Panel includes:

FSH – LH – Estradiol and Testosterone Total

Menopause Panel

The Menopause Panel includes:

  • Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH): to learn if you are approaching or have gone through menopause;
  • Estradiol: to measure ovarian production of estrogen and to evaluate whether the menstrual cycle is normal and if you are fertile;
  • Thyroid Function Panel: to test the function of the thyroid gland, which can slow with age;
  • Lipid profile: to test for triglycerides and the good (HDL) and bad (LDL) cholesterol levels in the blood to assess for cardiovascular disease;
  • Complete blood count (CBC): to determine the adequacy of the number of red and white blood cells in the blood;
  • Liver and kidney function: to see if you can tolerate hormone replacement therapy; and if a woman has risk factors or symptoms of diabetes, you could order also a glucose test to learn whether the sugar levels in the blood are too.

Menopause

Menopause is the time in a woman’s life when her normal menstrual periods stop and she can no longer become pregnant. Menopause can occur anytime after the age of 35, but the typical age of onset is in the late 40s. A woman’s ovaries, the organs that produce eggs, stop making them and female hormones at this time.

(menopause affects your body) 

Two important hormones, estradiol and progesterone, are made by the ovaries in a cyclical fashion and help to maintain a normal menstrual cycle. When a woman approaches menopause, cyclical hormone production from the ovaries stops, leading to a cessation in monthly menstrual periods.

The menopausal change is slow and usually takes two to five years to complete. During the so-called peri-menopausal period, hormone levels can fluctuate from high to low from one month to the next. Some months a woman may have a period but then go for several months without a period. It is important to note that during this time, a woman may still be able to get pregnant.

Menopause happens naturally as a woman ages. However, menopause can also occur for other reasons, including the removal of the ovaries for cancer or other medical reasons like endometriosis, excessive exposure to radiation or chemotherapy, pituitary gland disorders, or very poor health.

A woman’s body goes through several changes during menopause. Some of the more common symptoms of menopause occur when estrogen levels start to drop. Women may experience:

  • rapid mood swings ranging from depression to euphoria;
  • decreased libido and sex drive;
  • increased frequency or sudden urge to urinate;
  • vaginal dryness with pain during intercourse;
  • excessive bone loss, leading to a higher incidence of fractures of the hip and spinal column; and a higher risk for heart disease (because the levels of LDL “bad” cholesterol in the blood may rise).
  • hot flashes;

If a woman has risk factors or symptoms of diabetes, her doctor may also order a glucose tolerance test to learn whether the sugar levels in the blood are too high.

As estrogen levels drop, bones can get weaker. For guidelines on bone density testing, see the National Osteoporosis Foundation.

Some menopausal symptoms can be managed without drug treatments, such as with diet and exercise or by quitting smoking and cutting back on alcohol consumption. Some women, however, may choose to start taking hormone replacement therapy to help prevent or reduce hot flashes, mood swings, and bone loss.

Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is the most common treatment prescribed to relieve the various symptoms of menopause. It has been and continues to be controversial, however. For more information about HRT, visit the Hormone Foundation. You should also discuss HRT with your doctor to make sure it is right for you.

Growth Hormone

Growth hormone (22,000 MW) is essential for linear growth and is necessary for normal metabolism of protein, carbohydrate, lipid and minerals. The growth promoting aspects are mediated by somatomedin  IGF-1 produced primarily in the liver in response to GH. GH causes an increase in lean body mass, a decrease in body fat, an increase in metabolic rate and a decrease in plasma cholesterol. GH is a unique hormone in that animal forms are inactive in humans. However, recombinant hGH is available for the treatment of disease. While it has been touted as a “fountain of youth”, current data does not support the use of GH to reverse the changes seen in normal aging.

HGH is referred to by medical science as the master hormone. Growth hormone affects virtually all areas of the body — influencing the growth of cells, bones, muscles and organs. When deficient in GH our symptoms include loss of muscle, decreased energy, an increase in fat, diminished sexual drive, a greater risk of cardiovascular disease and a lower life expectancy. In other words, the symptoms we call aging.

Human Growth Hormone (HgH), also called somatotropin, is produced in the anterior of the pituitary gland deep inside the brain.  It influences the growth of cells, bones, muscles and organs throughout the body.

Production of HgH peaks at adolescence when accelerated growth occurs. If growing children have too little they remain as dwarfs, while if they have too much they become giants. Ample in our youth, production of HGH falls 80% from age 21 to 61. Daily growth hormone secretion diminishes with age to the extent that a 60 year old may secrete only 25% of the HGH secreted by a 20 year old.

Human Growth Hormone Deficiency

HgH is one of many endocrine hormones, like estrogen, progesterone, testosterone, melatonin and DHEA, that all decline in production with age. While many of these hormones can be replaced to deter some of the effects of aging, HgH reaches far beyond the scope of any of these hormones. By ages 70 to 80, virtually everyone is deficient in growth hormone, resulting in SDS, or Somatotropin (growth hormone) Deficiency Syndrome.

Recombinant Human Growth Hormone has been approved for use in Growth Hormone Deficiency Syndrome.  Since measurement of hGH is difficult, the accepted method is to measure Somatomedin-C, or by its newer name, Insulin Growth Factor-1 (IGF-1).  Depending on the laboratory used to measure IGF-1 and the work of leading researchers, Somatotropin Deficiency Syndrome is defined as a value below 160 ug/ml.

Testosterone

Testosterone is a steroid hormone (androgen) made by the testes in males. Its production is stimulated and controlled by luteinizing hormone (LH), which is manufactured in the pituitary gland. In males, testosterone stimulates development of secondary sex characteristics, including enlargement of the penis, growth of body hair and muscle, and a deepening voice. It is present in large amounts in males during puberty and in adult males to regulate the sex drive and maintain muscle mass. Testosterone is also produced by the adrenal glands in both males and females and, in small amounts, by the ovaries in females. In women, testosterone is converted to estradiol, the main sex hormone in females.

In males, the testes produce the majority of the circulating testosterone. The pituitary hormone LH stimulates the testicular Leydig cells to produce testosterone. In females, the ovaries produce the majority of the testosterone.

Testosterone levels are obtained in women to help evaluate excess hair growth, virilization (male body characteristics), and irregular menstrual periods.

Insulin Level

Very useful measurement especially:

  • If you have documented hypoglycemia
  • if you have symptoms suggesting that insulin either is being inappropriately released or utilized by your body
  • if you have diabetes and your doctor wants to monitor your insulin production
  • if your Doctor wants to document insulin resistance in e person with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
  • in pre-diabetes or in the presence of heart disease (especially if you are overweight)
  • in the Metabolic Syndrom,
  • in disorders related to the pituitary or adrenal glands

Insulin is protein hormone produced by the beta cells of the pancreas. It consists of two chains (A and B) connected by disulfide bridges. Insulin and C-peptide are produced by the pancreas as the result of proteolytic cleavage of a precursor protein called proinsulin. Insulin is an anabolic hormone that stimulates the uptake of glucose into fat and muscle and promotes the formation of glycogen. Insulin stimulates protein synthesis and inhibits protein degradation.

Glucose, amino acids, and certain pancreatic and gastrointestinal hormones (eg, glucagon, gastrin, secretin) stimulate the pancreas to secrete insulin. Insulin secretion is inhibited by hypoglycemia and somatostatin. In healthy individuals insulin is secreted in a pulsatile fashion that is closely controlled by glucose levels. The primary clinical utility of insulin measurement is in the evaluation of patients with fasting hypoglycemia. Insulin levels tend to be inappropriately elevated in patients with insulin-secreting tumors.

Fasting hypoglycemia in association with markedly elevated serum insulin levels is considered diagnostic for a tumor called insulinoma. Some patients with insulin secreting tumors exhibit intermittent insulin elevations. Insulin and C-peptide levels can be useful predicting susceptibility to the development of type II diabetes. The American Diabetes Association recommendations for the diagnosis of diabetes do not include the measurement of insulin levels.

Thyroid Profile

Includes Temp Log – T3 uptake -T4 -T7 FTI

Temp Log

The symptoms of a low body temperature are classic for low thyroid function and they often get better with thyroid medicine. Body temperatures are normally lower in the morning, higher in the afternoon, and lower again in the evening. So if the temperatures are low during the day when they’re supposed to be at their highest, that’s better evidence that there’s a problem. Temperature patterns are also important and illuminating. How patients feel can be affected not only by how high or low their temperatures are but also on how steady their temps are. One temperature reading a day is not enough to see how widely the temperature is fluctuating, but more than three a day can be too time consuming.

T3 uptake

This test measures the amount of triiodothyronine, or T3, in the blood. T3 is one of two major hormones produced by the thyroid gland (the other hormone is called thyroxine, or T4). The thyroid gland is a small butterfly-shaped organ that lies flat across your windpipe. The hormones it produces control the rate at which the body uses energy. Their production is regulated by a feedback system. When blood levels of thyroid hormones decline, the hypothalamus (an organ in the brain) releases thyrotropin releasing hormone, which stimulates the pituitary (a tiny organ below the brain and behind the sinus cavities) to produce and release thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). TSH then stimulates the thyroid gland to produce and/or release more thyroid hormones. Most of the thyroid hormone produced is T4. This hormone is relatively inactive, but it is converted into the much more active T3 in the liver and other tissues.

If the thyroid gland produces excessive amounts of T4 and T3, then the patient may have symptoms associated with hyperthyroidism, such as nervousness, tremors of the hands, weight loss, insomnia, and puffiness around dry, irritated eyes. In some cases, the patient’s eyes cannot move normally and they may appear to be staring. In other cases, the patient’s eyes may appear to bulge.

If the thyroid gland produces insufficient amounts of thyroid hormones, then the patient may have symptoms associated with hypothyroidism and a slowed metabolism, such as weight gain, dry skin, fatigue, and constipation. Blood levels of hormones may be increased or decreased because of insufficient or excessive production by the thyroid gland, due to thyroid dysfunction, or due to insufficient or excessive TSH production related to pituitary dysfunction.

  • Fatigue
  • Headaches & Migraines
  • PMS
  • Easy Weight Gain
  • Depression
  • Irritability
  • Fluid Retention
  • Anxiety & Panic Attacks
  • Hair Loss
  • Poor Memory
  • Poor Concentration
  • Low Sex Drive
  • Unhealthy Nails
  • Dry Skin & Hair
  • Cold Intolerance
  • Low Motivation
  • Low Ambition
  • Insomnia – Heat Intolerance
  • Allergies
  • Acne
  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
  • Hives…..and many others

About 99.7% of the T3 found in the blood is attached to a protein (primarily thyroxine-binding globulin ( TBG) but also several other proteins) and the rest is free (unattached). Separate blood tests can be performed to measure either the total (both bound and unattached) or free (unattached) T3 hormone in the blood.

When TBG is increased, T3 uptake is decreased, and vice versa. T3 Uptake does not measure the level of T3 or T4 in serum.

Increased T3 uptake (decreased TBG) is seen in chronic liver disease, protein-losing states, and with use of the following drugs: androgens, barbiturates, bishydroxycourmarin, chlorpropamide, corticosteroids, danazol, d-thyroxine, penicillin, phenylbutazone, valproic acid, and androgens. It is also seen in hyperthyroidism.

Decreased T3 uptake (increased TBG) may occur due to the effects of exogenous estrogens (including oral contraceptives), pregnancy, acute hepatitis, and in genetically-determined elevations of TBG. Drugs producing increased TBG include clofibrate, lithium, methimazole, phenothiazines, and propylthiouracil. Decreased T3 uptake may occur in hypothyroidism.

T4

T4 is one of two major hormones produced by the thyroid gland (the other is called triiodothyronine, or T3). The thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland located just below the Adam’s apple. This gland plays a vital role in controlling the rate at which your body uses energy.

The body has a feedback system that turns thyroid hormone production on and off. When the level of T4 in the bloodstream decreases, the hypothalamus (an organ in the brain) releases thyrotropin releasing hormone, which stimulates the pituitary gland (an organ below the hypothalamus) to release thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), which in turn stimulates the thyroid gland to make and/or release more T4. As blood concentrations of T4 increase, the amount of TSH released decreases.

T4 makes up nearly all of what we call thyroid hormone, while T3 makes up less than 10%. Inside the thyroid gland, T4 is produced, bound to a protein called thyroglobulin, and stored. When the body requires thyroid hormone, the thyroid gland produces some T4 or T3 and/or releases stored T4 into circulation. In the blood, T4 is present in a free (not bound) and protein-bound form (primarily bound to thyroxine-binding globulin). The concentration of free T4 is only about 0.1% of that of total T4, but the free T4 is the portion of thyroxine that is active. T4 only becomes an active thyroid hormone when it is converted into T3 in the liver or other tissues.

If the thyroid gland does not produce sufficient T4 (due to thyroid dysfunction or to insufficient TSH), then the affected patient experiences symptoms of hypothyroidism such as weight gain, dry skin, cold intolerance, irregular menstruation, and fatigue. If the thyroid gland produces too much T4, the rate of the patient’s body functions will increase and cause symptoms associated with hyperthyroidism such as increased heart rate, anxiety, weight loss, difficulty sleeping, tremors in the hands, and puffiness around dry, irritated eyes.

The most common causes of thyroid dysfunction are autoimmune-related Graves’ disease causes hyperthyroidism and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis causes hypothyroidism. Both hyper- and hypothyroidism can also be caused by thyroiditis (thyroid inflammation), thyroid cancer, and excessive or deficient production of TSH. The effect of these conditions on thyroid hormone production can be detected and monitored by measuring the total T4 (includes bound and free portion) or the free T4 (only unbound).

This is a measurement of the total thyroxine in the serum, including both the physiologically active (free) form, and the inactive form bound to thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG). It is increased in hyperthyroidism and in euthyroid states characterized by increased TBG (See “T3 uptake,” above, and “FTI,” below). Occasionally, hyperthyroidism will not be manifested by elevation of T4 (free or total), but only by elevation of T3 (triiodothyronine). Therefore, if thyrotoxicosis is clinically suspect, and T4 and FTI are normal, the test “T3-RIA” is recommended (this is not the same test as “T3 uptake,” which has nothing to do with the amount of T3 in the patient’s serum).

T4 is decreased in hypothyroidism and in euthyroid states characterized by decreased TBG. A separate test for “T4” is available, but it is not usually necessary for the diagnosis of functional thyroid disorders.

T7 (FTI)

This is a convenient parameter with mathematically accounts for the reciprocal effects of T4 and T3 uptake to give a single figure which correlates with free T4. Therefore, increased FTI is seen in hyperthyroidism, and decreased FTI is seen in hypothyroidism. Early cases of hyperthyroidism may be expressed only by decreased thyroid stimulation hormone (TSH) with normal FTI.

TSH

   

This test measures the amount of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) in your blood. TSH is produced by the pituitary gland, a tiny organ located below the brain and behind the sinus cavities. It is part of the body’s feedback system to maintain stable amounts of the thyroid hormones thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) in the blood. Thyroid hormones help control the rate at which the body uses energy. When concentrations decrease in the blood, the hypothalamus (an organ in the brain) releases thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH). This stimulates the release of TSH by the pituitary gland, and then TSH in turn stimulates the production and release of T4 and T3 by the thyroid gland, a small butterfly-shaped gland that lies flat against the windpipe. When all three organs are functioning normally, thyroid production turns on and off to maintain blood thyroid hormone levels.

If there is pituitary dysfunction, then increased or decreased amounts of TSH may result. If TSH concentrations are increased, the thyroid will make and release inappropriate amounts of T4 and T3 and the patient may experience symptoms associated with hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid), such as rapid heart rate, weight loss, nervousness, hand tremors, irritated eyes, and difficulty sleeping. If there is decreased production of thyroid hormones (hypothyroidism), then the patient may experience symptoms such as weight gain, dry skin, constipation, cold intolerance, and fatigue. In addition to pituitary dysfunction, hyper- or hypothyroidism can occur if there is a problem with the hypothalamus (insufficient or excessive TRH). They may also occur with a variety of thyroid diseases that affect thyroid hormone production regardless of the amount of TSH present in the blood.

Early cases of hypothyroidism may be expressed only by increased TSH with normal T7 FTI. Currently, the method of choice for screening for both hyper- and hypothyroidism is the serum TSH. Modern methodologies (“ultra sensitive TSH”) allow accurate determination of the very low concentrations of TSH at the physiological cutoff between the normal and hyperthyroid states

TSH has been recognized as an exquisitely sensitive indicator of thyroid status. TSH assays (second or third generation) have therefore been widely adopted as the front-line thyroid function test. In ambulatory patients with intact hypothalamic and pituitary function, a normal TSH result excludes hypo or hyperthyroidism; whereas elevated and suppressed TSH results are diagnostic of hypo and hyperthyroidism, respectively.

Hirsutism Panel

DHEA – Testosterone – Andostenedione

DHEA

DHEAS may be ordered, along with other hormones, whenever excess (or more rarely deficient) androgen production is suspected and/or when your doctor wants to evaluate your adrenal gland function.

It may be measured when a woman presents with symptoms such as:hirsutism, alopecia(hair loss), amenorrhea, infertility, acne, increased muscularity, and decreased breast size.  It may also be ordered when a young girl shows signs of virilization, such as hirsutism, a deep voice, or when a female infant has ambiguous genitalia wherein the clitoris is overgrown, but the internal female organs usually appear normal.

DHEAS may also be measured when young boys show signs of precocious puberty – the development of: a deeper voice, pubic hair, muscularity, and an enlarged penis well before the age of normal puberty.

DHEAS, testosterone, and several other androgens are used to evaluate adrenal function and to distinguish between androgen secreting adrenal conditions from those that originate in the ovary or testes.

Low levels of DHEAS may be due to adrenal dysfunction or hypopituitarism – a condition that causes decreased levels of the pituitary hormones that regulate the production and secretion of adrenal hormones.  Normal DHEAS levels, along with other normal androgen levels, may indicate that the adrenal gland is functioning normally, or (more rarely) that the adrenal tumor or cancer present is not secreting hormones. Normal levels of DHEAS may be seen with PCOS (Polycistic Ovarian Syndrome), as this disorder is usually related to ovarian androgen production (primarily testosterone).

Elevated levels of DHEAS, in conjunction with elevations in such tests as 17-ketosteroids (which measures androgen metabolites in urine) and 17-OH progesterone may indicate an adrenocortical tumor, adrenal cancer, or adrenal hyperplasia.  Increased levels of DHEAS usually indicate the need for further testing to pinpoint the cause of the hormone imbalance, but do not often stand alone for diagnostic purposes.

DHEAS concentrations peak after puberty, and then, like other male and female hormones, the levels tend to decline as we age.

Testosterone

testosterone testing may be done if a patient has irregular or no menstrual periods, is having difficulty getting pregnant, or appears to have masculine features, such as facial and body hair, male pattern baldness, and a low voice. Testosterone levels can rise because of tumors that develop in either the ovary or adrenal gland or because of other conditions, such as polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS).

Androstenedione

A steroid that produces masculine characteristics and is produced by the testis, adrenal cortex and ovaries. This hormone test is used also to help determine whether hormone overproduction may be due to PCOS, an adrenal or ovarian tumor, or an overgrowth in adrenal tissue (adrenal hyperplasia).

HOW TO CHOOSE A BRA, GUIDELINES FOR BRA FITTING AND CHECKLIST FOR CHOOSING A BRA

Image result for bra styles for different shapes  Image result for bra styles for different shapes

When you walk into a lingerie store or boutique and ask about buying a bra, are you asked what color you like, or are the salespeople taking the time to help you to select the correct size and style of bra? There are health, comfort and appearance-related issues involved with selecting the proper bra. If the salespeople take the extra time to ask the right questions, you will be happier with the bra you purchase.

Breasts are possibly a woman’s most distinctive feminine feature, adding to her beauty and sex appeal. Despite this, many women do not properly look after their breasts and wear bras which do not fit well, offer little support, and displace the breast tissue, pushing it under the arm or flattening it around the breast wall.

You must think of buying a good, well-fitting bra as an investment with both present and future benefits, not only will it prevent your breasts from drooping in the future, but you will also immediately look slimmer and more in proportion. A bra that bulges and doesn’t fit properly will spoil the most expensive dress.

“To get the right results, however, it is very important that you wear your bra correctly. While this may seem silly to women who have been putting on bras for years, there is indeed a proper way to do it.”

Signs that your bra is not right for you include

  1. Red marks on your shoulders caused by your bra straps.
  2. Breasts forced over the top of the cup in a double bump.
  3. The center of your bra does not touch the breastbone.
  4. Your breasts are drooping or looking generally out of shape.
  5. Any or all of these signs could indicate that you are wearing the wrong bra size. that’s not only uncomfortable, it can also over time, distort the shape of your breasts and cause a variety of health problems, from headaches to backaches and even migraines.

The Correct Size – Do you find that

  1. Your bra rises up at the back, thus not supporting the weight of your bust.
  2. Your shoulders are being pulled forward.
  3. Your bust is not properly supported and falls forward, instead of being in its central position.
  4. As you move, your bust bounces up and down and the straps keep falling off unless you tighten them, in which case they dig into your flesh, causing red marks.

If you answered “yes” to any of those questions, you are probably wearing a bra with too large an under band and too small a cup, and you may well be experiencing both shoulder and neck pains.

In addition, because your breast is bigger than the cup, it pushes against the sides of the bra. for an underwired style, this can be harmful, as well as extremely uncomfortable. Remember, your bras should always fit accurately. cups should be just right; not too big, but deep enough to contain the whole of the breast.

The Correct Style

Small Bust

Image result for balconette style

To make the most of a small bust, try a balcony style bra, with or without padding. this can give you an enhanced neckline, excellent uplift, and a lovely, curvy shape. Half-cup bras also flatter a smaller bust; padding at the sides and under the bust give maximum lift. Avoid bras that have square-cut bust lines; they’ll flatten you even more.

Large Bust

Image result for full cup style

For women with larger busts, wider shoulder and back straps give firm support. Full cups contain the breast better and give a better appearance. Underwired bras provide better support under the bust. Smooth, plain bra styles, without too much lace, help to make your bust appear smaller.

Just as you don’t have one pair of shoes to match all of your clothes, you will need at least a couple of different bra styles for your clothes to look good. Tailored suits and shirts look best with a bit of uplift and firmer control, but when you’re wearing jeans and a T-shirt, you may just want a soft, seamless bra to shape you and to go with clingy tops. Wear flesh-colored bras to avoid showing through, and backless bras with a low-cut party dress or sun top. Wear dark-colored bras under dark tops; there’s nothing worse than showing a glimpse of white bra under a black top.

Also, if you’re losing weight or if your weight varies over the course of the month, a bra with a little lycra or stretch is more accommodating and won’t crease under clothing. Remember, your breasts will change with diet, pregnancy, exercise, age, and taking the Pill. Women whose breasts inflate before their period should have a special bra for these days, as their size can go up premenstrually. During pregnancy, hormonal changes can make a woman rise one full size in a week. Avoid underwire during pregnancy, as breast may become to fragile and sensitive.

Sports Bras

Image result for sports bra

Research in Great Britain has found that of the total number of women who exercise, 77 percent don’t’ wear a sports bra, and of this figure, 19 percent don’t wear a bra at all. the remainder wear a regular bra or crop top. This is bad news, considering that any excessive breast movement puts a huge strain on the ligaments that hold the breasts in place, causing them to stretch, and resulting in long-term sagging.

To stay in shape, a well-designed sports bra is as essential as a good pair of trainers; an everyday bra doesn’t give enough support during exercise. Sports bras are specially designed to allow complete freedom of movement while holding you firmly in place, and are made from specialized fabrics that channel moisture away from the skin to the outside of the fabric. They come in different shapes and levels of activity, and include seamless cups for a natural outline, racer backs, and cotton-rich materials that allow the skin to breathe.

Health Matters

  

Wearing the wrong size bra or a badly fitting bra can result in back problems, headaches, neck strain, rashes, and pulled ligaments. This happens when the bust is not well supported by the bra, because your breasts may begin to droop and fall to the bottom of the cup. The breast tissue will role off the chest wall and under the arm, thus pulling on the neck. This can result in headaches, since the muscles being pulled in the shoulders go all the way to the head. Reduced blood flow to the head can cause headaches and backaches, as the extra weight of the bust places more pressure on the back.

These problems can be remedied by wearing the right bra. In this case, an underwire bra will take the strain and open up the chest so that you can breathe properly. It allows the proper blood flow to rebuild.

Some Facts

  1. Breast sizes are growing. The average size has gone from a 34B to a 36C over the past 10 years.
  2. Twenty years ago a DD cup was unusual; now G cups are not uncommon. Changing diet and the Pill are the culprits.
  3. Bra-wearers are getting younger. Twenty years ago, 12 and 13 year old bought teen bras, now eight and nine year olds are taking the plunge.
  4. Today, the biggest selling color is white, while ivory and cream are a close second. In 1971, skin tones were bestsellers, and were second favorite until about five years ago. Tea rose was the favorite from the 1920s through the 1950s.
  5. Higher numbers of separations, divorces, and remarriages have boosted the demand for attractive lingerie.

To make sure you have the right size, check that:

  1. The back of your bra does not ride up, otherwise the underband may be too big, and you could need a smaller size.
  2. Your bra straps are not falling down or digging into your shoulders. If they are, you may need to adjust them or use wider straps or use shoulder savers.
  3. Your flesh does not squeeze over the top of your bra. If it does but feels fine everywhere else, the cup size is too small.
  4. Your finger can pass under the band in front. Your bra should be comfortable but not tight, otherwise you need a larger band size or you must fasten your bra at the next looser hook.
  5. The middle of your bra lies as flat as possible against your breastbone for a comfortable fit.

To get the right results, it is very important that you wear your bra correctly. While this may seem silly to women who have been putting on bras for years, there is indeed a proper way to do it. We recommend that you follow the following steps when putting on your bra.

Put your hands through the straps so that the straps are over your shoulders; bend forward from the waist and adjust your breast position so that your breasts are completely within the cup with the nipples being at the fullest point within the cup; make sure the hooks are fastened at the middle position; stand up and adjust the straps so that your breasts are at the right level; and make sure that the bra does not rise at the back and is comfortable without being too tight.

Before You Begin

  • Try to get someone to take the measurements for you – your posture will be more relaxed and natural. The measurements should be more accurate.
  • Stand up straight and breathe normally
  • Don’t measure over the top of clothing
  • Wear the bra you feel most comfortable in
  • Use a cloth tape measure if possible. Note: Older flexible tape measures can sometimes stretch and distort over time.

Traditional Measurement Method

  1. Determining your Bra/Band size(rib cage circumference measurement)
  • Measure around the chest directly under the breast at a constant height with the cloth measuring tape. Add 5 inches to that measurement. This dimension is your bra/band size (If the bra size works out to an ODD number go up one inch to the next EVEN number.) This should equal the circumference around the chest, directly above the breasts/under the arms.
  • Now measure around the chest at the height of the fullest part of the breast. The measuring tape should be held horizontal, flat on your back, and your arms should be down. Make a note of that measurement (only used for comparison) and compare it to the Bra Size from step 1.
  1. Determining your Cup size(projection of breasts from chest wall)

Image result for determining cup size

  • To determine the proper Cup Size, find the difference between step 2 and step 1 (step 2 – step 1.) Use the chart below to determine your Cup Size.
Chart to Determine Bra Cup Size
Difference Cup Size Example
Half inch     AA cup Step 1: Underbust measurement is 37″. Add 5 inches. Bra Size is 42.
One inch  A cup
Two inches     B cup Step 2: Full bust measurement is 45″.
Three inches C cup
Four inches D cup Step 3: 45 – 42 = 3″ difference. Cup size is C.
Five inches   DD or E cup
Six inches   F cup Result: Buy a 42C bra.
Seven inches  G cup

The usual bra measuring system may not work

Some people have written to me suggesting that the previous measurement scheme does not work at ALL for them. Why? The previous measurement guide is an approximation. Each person is unique, and all busts differ in volume, shape and spacing, just as each person’s unique body size, height, and weight can affect a bra’s fit; a tape measure and simple formula may not always tell the whole story. Plus, even if the measurements ARE accurate, there are no real “standards” for bra sizing, so differences between manufacturers is common.

An alternate bra measuring scheme

(from Tanya Brown at Tanya Brown’s Breast Prosthesis Emporium)

Determining your Bra/Band Size: (rib-cage circumference measurement)

Image result for ribcage circumference measurement

  1. Measure around the chest directly under the breast.
  2. Measure around the chest, directly above the breasts/under the arms.
  3. If the difference between the two measurements is two inches or less, use the Step 1 measurement. If the difference is over two inches, you may want to try one bra/band size larger for comfort. This will be your bra/band size.
  4. If the under-breast measurement is an odd number, add one to reach the next even numbered bra band size.
  5. Now measure around the chest at the height of the fullest part of the breast. The measuring tape should be held horizontal, and your arms should be down. Make a note of that measurement (only used for comparison).

Notes

  • The previous measurement instructions are most applicable if you are taking bra measurement with an existing set of breasts.
  • If you have only one breast due possibly to surgery, or have an uneven breast cup sizes, you should probably equalize the cups (with some form of padding) to the existing or largest breast when measuring to maintain measurement symmetry.
  • If you do not have breasts due to whatever the reason, you will take the bra band measurements listed above, but you can pretty much be whatever cup size you wish, depending on what your plans are. Remember that choosing a cup size proportional to your body frame will look the most “natural.”
  • Suggestions on choosing a cup size (from Tanya Brown at Tanya Brown’s Breast Prosthesis Emporium):

Bra band sizes 32-28

  • “Slender” build: A cup
  • “Average” build: B cup
  •  “Heavier” build: C cup

Bra band sizes 40-42

  • “Average” build: B cup
  •  “Heavier” build: C-D cup

Bra band sizes 44-46

  • “Average” build: C cup
  • “Heavier” build: D-DD cup

If you are in between sizes or you are having difficulty finding a good fit, when you go up a cup size, you should go down a band size. If you go down a cup size, you should go up a band size (ex: if you have a 36C and it is not fitting quite properly, you would probably want to try a 38B or a 34D next.)

  • When sizes are DD and above, great care must be taken to be properly fitted. Some bra manufacturers make their Bra Size slightly large. (e.g. a bra marked 38 will probably fit a 40 woman.)
  • For sizes above D, cup sizing is not well defined. It can keep increasing by an inch for each successive letter, or it can repeat letters for new cup sizes above D. So, a DD cup is the same as an E cup. A DDD=EE=F cup, a DDDD=EEE=FF=G cup and so on.
  • Long line and 3/4 bras should only be considered if their length is LESS than the distance from the under-bust to the natural waist line.
  • If either of the bra sizes given here is very different than what you are currently wearing, go with your current size.
  • When ordering a mail order garment where a proper fit is important, make sure that the return policy of the company is well understood.
  • If you are taking these measurements without wearing a breast form on for only a single prosthesis, determining the bra cup size can be more difficult. Some experimentation may be necessary.
  • If you are taking these measurements for two prostheses, you can simply take the bra size measurement (Step 1) and then choose the cup size that is right for you.
  • These are guidelines only. Proper sizing may vary for different body sizes, heights, and weights.
  • When sizes are DD and above, great care must be taken to be properly fitted. Some bra manufacturers make their Bra Size slightly large. (e.g. a bra marked 38 will probably fit a 40 woman.)
  • Someone sent me mail asking about how to properly measure for a bra when the breasts have sagged significantly due to gravity. The truth is, I’m not sure because you probably then need to be wearing a bra to get a proper measurement. Catch-22.
  • I would suggest that seeing a bra fitter in this case would probably be best.

BREAST PAIN

Image result for breast pain
Breast pain (mastalgia) is the most common breast related complaint among women; nearly 70% of women experience breast pain at some point in their lives. Breast pain may occur in one or both breasts or in the underarm region of the body.

About 10 percent of women have moderate to severe breast pain more than five days a month. In some cases, severe breast pain lasts throughout the menstrual cycles. Postmenopausal women can experience breast pain, but the symptom occurs more frequently in younger, pre-menopausal women and perimenopausal women. When it’s severe, breast pain can have a major impact on daily activities, work and relationships.

Breast pain alone rarely signifies breast cancer. Still, if you have unexplained breast pain that persists, causes worry about breast cancer or otherwise disrupts your life, get checked by your doctor.

The severity of breast pain varies from woman to woman; approximately 15% of women require treatment. Though breast pain is not normally associated with breast cancer, women who experience any breast abnormalities, including breast pain, should consult their physicians.

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What Causes Breast Pain?

  • Cyclical breast pain is related to how the breast tissue responds to monthly changes in a woman’s estrogen and progesterone hormone levels. If breast pain is accompanied by lumpiness, cysts (accumulated packets of fluid), or areas of thickness, the condition is usually called fibrocystic change. During each menstrual cycle, breast tissue sometimes swells because hormonal stimulation causes the breast’s milk glands and ducts to enlarge, and in turn, the breasts retain water. The breasts may feel swollen, painful, tender, or lumpy a few days before menstruation. Breast pain and swelling usually ends when menstruation is over. The average age of women who have cyclical breast pain is 34 years old.

Cyclical breast pain may last for several years but usually stops after menopause unless a woman uses hormone replacement therapy (HRT).

Cyclical breast pain accounts for nearly 75% of all breast complaints. Of all women who experience breast pain, two thirds experience cyclical breast pain. Physicians often have patients chart their pain to determine whether the pain is cyclical. Though cyclical breast pain is usually related to the menstrual cycle, stress may also affect hormone levels and influence breast pain. Physical activity, especially heavy lifting or prolonged use of the arms, has also been shown to increase breast pain (pectoral (chest) muscles may become sore from physical activity).

  • Non-cyclical breast pain is far less common than cyclical breast pain and is not related to a woman’s menstrual cycle. Women who experience non-cyclical breast pain often experience pain in one specific area of the breast(s). Woman who experience injury or trauma to the breast or those who undergo breast biopsy sometimes experience non-cyclical pain. The condition may occur in both pre-menopausal and post-menopausal women and usually subsides after one to two years. Non-cyclical pain is most common in women between 40 and 50 years of age. Usually, non-cyclical breast pain does not indicate breast cancer, though women should discuss the condition with their physicians.

Another type of non-cyclical pain called costochondritis does not actually occur in the breast; however, the condition may feel as though it is coming from the breast. This type of arthritic pain occurs in the middle of the chest where the ribs and the breast bone connect. Costochondritis may occur as the result of poor posture or aging. Women who experience costochondritis usually describe it as a burning sensation in the breast.

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Other factors that may contribute to breast pain in some women include:

  • Oral contraceptive pills
  • Hormone replacement therapy
  • Weight gain
  • Bras that do not fit properly
  • Tumors (most painful tumors do not usually indicate breast cancer; however, all abnormalities should be examined by a physician. For example, some patients with inflammatory breast cancer describe “stabbing pains” in the breast).

OTHER CAUSES

Most of the time, it’s not possible to identify the exact cause of breast pain. Likely contributors are:

Reproductive hormones. Cyclic breast pain appears to have a strong link to hormones. The fact that cyclic breast pain often decreases or disappears with pregnancy or menopause lends support to the theory that hormones play a role.

  • However, no studies have identified a particular hormonal abnormality as a contributor to cyclic breast pain.
  • Anatomical factors. The cause of noncyclic breast pain is likely to be anatomical rather than hormonal, triggered by breast cysts, breast trauma, prior breast surgery or other factors localized to the breast. Noncyclic breast pain may also originate outside the breast — in the chest wall, muscles, joints or heart, for example — and radiate to the breast.
  • Fatty acid imbalance. An imbalance of fatty acids within the cells may affect the sensitivity of breast tissue to circulating hormones. This theory provides the rationale for taking evening primrose oil capsules as a remedy for breast pain. Evening primrose oil contains gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), a type of fatty acid. GLA is thought to restore the fatty acid balance and decrease the sensitivity of breast tissue to circulating hormone levels.
  • Medication use. Certain hormonal medications, including some infertility treatments and oral contraceptives, may be associated with breast pain. Also, breast tenderness is a possible side effect of estrogen and progesterone hormone therapy, which could explain why some women continue to have breast pain even after menopause. There have also been reports of breast pain associated with prescribed antidepressants, including selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressants, such as fluoxetine (Prozac) and sertraline (Zoloft).
  • Breast size. Women with large breasts may have noncyclic breast pain related primarily to the size of their breasts. This type of breast discomfort is typically accompanied by neck, shoulder and back pain. Some studies have shown that breast reduction surgery can reduce these symptoms. Breast surgery itself, however, also causes pain, which may linger after the incisions have healed.


Evaluating Breast Pain

Women should report all complaints of persistent breast pain to their physicians. Physicians will evaluate the pain, taking into account the woman’s personal history, family history, the area of pain, the intensity and duration of the pain, and the extent to which the pain interferes with her lifestyle.

Physicians will also perform clinical breast examinations, and if necessary, order additional breast imaging exams (such as mammography or ultrasound) to help determine whether the pain is related to another breast condition or possibly cancer. If no breast abnormality is indicated, the physician and woman should decide together whether drug treatment is necessary.

Treating Breast Pain

Most women with moderate breast pain are not treated with medications or surgical procedures. The following suggestions have been shown to reduce breast pain in some women (although there is not sufficient scientific evidence to establish the effectiveness of any of these suggestions):

  • Wear a good, supportive bra to reduce breast movement. Many women with breast pain find it comfortable to also wear a bra while they sleep.
  • Limit sodium intake.
  • Reduce caffeine intake (coffee, tea, soft drinks, chocolate).
  • Maintain a low fat diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and grains.
  • Maintain an ideal weight. Losing excess weight may reduce breast pain by stabilizing hormone levels.

Relax. Some breast pain can be caused by stress and may subside by reducing anxiety and tension.

If breast pain is severe and interferes with a woman’s daily activities, further treatment may be necessary. Diuretics, substances that remove excess fluid from the body in the form of urine, are the most commonly prescribed treatment for persistent, non-cyclical breast pain. The release of fluid in the body helps decrease breast pain and swelling.

Herbal Treatments For Severe Breast Pain

Most breast pain, swelling, sensitivity is related to hormonal imbalance.

Only 10% of diagnosed breast cancers present with pain as a symptom. Sometimes relief is as simple as wearing a well-fitting sports bra.

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Breast Pain While Nursing

While 80% of women experience mild breast pain during the first few days of breast-feeding, pain usually subsides within a few weeks. Chronic breast pain during nursing should be reported to a certified lactation consultant for clinical evaluation.

Persistent breast pain while nursing may result from:

  • Improper positioning. Leaning over the baby can lead to breast and back pain.
  • Engorgement. Engorgement is a build-up of fluids that occurs as milk converts from colostrum (nutrient produced during the first few days after birth) to mature milk. Engorgement is a temporary condition (lasting approximately 12 to 24 hours) and is most common during the first few weeks after pregnancy. If the breasts are becoming swollen, physicians recommend breast-feeding to avoid engorgement.
  • Strong milk ejection reflexes. The actual process of expelling milk from the breast is called milk-ejection reflex. Milk is ejected from the breast into the baby’s mouth. Normally, women feel a mild tingling sensation during milk ejection. However, some women have strong milk ejection reflexes and experience a painful tingling or stinging sensation during breast-feeding. This usually subsides after the first few weeks of nursing.
  • Nipple blanching (also called vasospasm). The nipples turn white during and often in between breast-feeding. Many women report burning sensations in the nipples. Nipple blanching may be relieved with warm compresses and good breast support.
  • Mastitis. This benign (non-cancerous) condition is common among women who breast-feed. Cracking of the skin around the nipple allows bacteria from the skin surface to enter the breast duct where it grows and attracts inflammatory cells. Inflammatory cells release substances to fight the infection but also cause breast tissue swelling and increased blood flow. Breasts infected with mastitis often swell, become red in color, and feel warm to the touch. Nasopharyngeal organisms from the infant’s mouth, sinuses and other air passages are usually the source of breast infections in lactating women. Physicians recommend keeping the breast empty of milk helps to drain the culture medium (environment and food source) that is facilitating growth of organisms. Breast-feeding with mastitis is generally not harmful to the infant and may actually help speed up recovery. Mastitis is also treated with antibiotics

SYMPTOMS

Most cases of breast pain are classified as either cyclic or noncyclic. Each type of breast pain has distinct characteristics.

                                        Breast Pain Characteristics
             Cyclic breast pain             Noncyclic breast pain
  • Clearly related to the menstrual cycle
  • Described as dull, heavy or aching
  • Often accompanied by breast swelling or lumpiness
  • Usually affects both breasts, particularly the upper, outer portions and can radiate to the underarm
  • Intensifies during the two weeks leading up to the start of your period, then eases up afterward
  • Usually affects pre menopausal women in their 20s and 30s and perimenopausal women in their 40s
  • Unrelated to the menstrual cycle
  • Described as tight, burning or sore
  • Constant or intermittent
  • Usually affects one breast, in a localized area, but may spread more diffusely across the breast
  • Usually affects postmenopausal women in their 40s and 50s

Extra Mammary Breast Pain

Extra mammary breast pain feels like it originates in the breast, but its source is actually somewhere else. Pulling a muscle in your chest, for example, can cause pain in your chest wall or rib cage.

When to see a doctor?

Make an appointment with your doctor if you have breast pain that persists daily for more than a couple of weeks, if your breast pain seems to be getting worse over time or if your breast pain interferes with daily activities.

Also see your doctor for evaluation if you have pain in one particular area within your breast. Although it’s not a common symptom of breast cancer, breast pain does occur in about 2 to 7 percent of women with breast cancer.

Lifestyle and Home Remedies

  • Even though there is little formal research to show the efficacy of these self-care remedies, they help many women manage their breast pain. Some may be worth a try:
  • Use hot or cold compresses on your breasts.
  • Wear a firm support bra, fitted by a professional if possible.
  • Wear a sports bra during exercise and while sleeping, especially when your breasts may be more sensitive.
  • Experiment with relaxation therapy, which can help control the high levels of anxiety associated with severe breast pain.
  • Limit or eliminate caffeine, a dietary change many women swear by, although medical studies of caffeine’s effect on breast pain and other premenstrual symptoms have been inconclusive.
  • Decrease the fat in your diet to less than 20 percent of total calories, which may improve breast pain by altering the fatty acid balance.
  • Use a pain reliever (analgesic), such as acetaminophen (Tylenol, others) or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others), to alleviate breast pain.
  • Keep a journal noting when you experience breast pain and other symptoms, to determine if your pain is cyclic or noncyclic.

Tests and Diagnosis

Tests to evaluate your condition may include:

  • Clinical Breast Exam and Physical Exam

During this exam, your doctor checks for unusual areas in your breasts, visually and manually examining your breasts and the lymph nodes located in your lower neck and underarm area. Your doctor will probably listen to your heart and lungs and check your chest wall and abdomen to be certain the pain originates from your breast and isn’t related to some other condition. If your medical history and the physical exam reveal nothing unusual, you may not need additional tests.

  • Mammography

Image result for mammography

If your doctor detects a breast lump, unusual thickening in your breast tissue, or a focused area of pain, you need to undergo mammography — an X-ray exam of your breast tissue. Even if your physical exam is normal, your doctor may recommend mammography if you’re age 30 or older, to double-check for suspicious areas in your breast that may be too small to feel.

  • Ultrasound

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An ultrasound exam uses sound waves to produce images of your breasts and is often performed in conjunction with mammography. Younger women — those under age 30 — might undergo ultrasound to evaluate a focused area of pain even if the physical exam appears normal.

  • Breast Biopsy

Image result for breast biopsySuspicious breast lumps, areas of thickening or unusual areas seen during imaging exams may require a biopsy before your doctor can make a diagnosis. During a biopsy, your doctor (radiologist) obtains a small sample of breast tissue from the suspicious area and sends it for microscopic analysis.

BREAST ABNORMALITIES

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Abnormalities or Breast Conditions Suggesting a Higher Risk. Some breast formations or abnormalities should be watched and include the following:

Dense breast tissue is associated with a higher risk for breast cancer. Studies suggest that in women with highly dense tissue have two to six times the risk of women with the least dense tissue. Genetic factors play a large role in breast density. Hormone replacement therapy also increases breast density.

Benign proliferative breast disease or atypical cell growth, known as atypical hyperplasia, is a significant risk factor for breast cancer.

Benign Breast Conditions. Benign breast conditions are much more commonly seen on mammograms than cancer. And in the great majority of cases they pose no risk. Some common benign breast abnormalities that pose few or no risks include the following:

Cysts.

These mostly occur in women in their middle to late reproductive years and can be eliminated simply by aspirating fluid from them.

  • Fibroadenoma. These are solid benign lumps that occur in women between the ages of 15 and 30.
  • Breast abscesses during breastfeeding

  • Nipple discharge. Discharge from the nipple is worrisome to patients, but is unlikely to be a sign of cancer. Unexplained discharge still warrants evaluation, however.

  • Mastalgia. This is breast pain that occurs in association with or independently from the menstrual cycle. About 8 – 10% of women experience moderate to severe breast pain associated with their menstrual cycle. In general, breast pain does not need assessment unless it is severe and prolonged.

Physical Characteristics

The following physical characteristics have been associated with increased risk:

Obesity increases the risk for all types of estrogen receptor-positive breast cancers. Women who gain weight after menopause are most at risk. (On a positive note, losing weight after menopause decreases breast cancer risk.) In postmenopausal women, estrogen is produced in fat tissue. High amounts of fatty tissue increase levels of estrogen in the body, leading to faster growth of estrogen-sensitive cancers.

Estrogen is involved in building bone mass. Therefore, women with heavy, dense bones are likely to have higher estrogen levels and to be at greater risk for breast cancer.

Some studies have found a greater risk for breast cancer in taller women, possibly due to the higher estrogen levels associated with greater bone growth. In one study, regardless of their actual height, women who reached their full height at age 13 or younger had a higher risk than those who attained maximum height at age 18, reflecting higher estrogen levels at an earlier age.

Environmental Factors

Image result for environmental effect on breasts

Exposure to Estrogen-like Industrial Chemicals. Chemicals with estrogen-like effects, called xenoestrogens, have been under suspicion for years. There has been particular concern with pesticides containing organochlorines (DDT and its metabolites, such as dieldrin) and pyrethroids (permethrin), but at this time evidence of any causal association is very weak.

Exposure to Diethylstilbestrol (DES). Women who took diethylstilbestrol (DES) to prevent miscarriage have a slightly increased risk for breast cancer. To date, this risk has not been seen in their daughters (commonly called “DES daughters”), who were exposed to the drug when their mothers took it during pregnancy.

Radiation Exposure. Heavy exposure to radiation is a significant risk factor for breast cancer. Children receiving high-dose radiation therapy face an increased risk for breast cancer in adulthood. Low-dose radiation exposure before age 20 may increase the risk for women with BRCA genetic mutations.

Viruses

Researchers theorize that viruses may be involved in some types of breast cancers. A study of breast cancer samples taken from Tunisian women in North Africa found similarities with a virus known to cause breast cancer in mice. The samples were compared with those taken from women living in other global regions. The researchers suggested that a human breast cancer virus may be more prevalent in specific parts of the world.

Insulin-Like Growth Factor

Insulin-like growth factor 1 is an important growth hormone during development in the womb and childhood. It has powerful properties that increase cell proliferation, and high concentrations have now been linked to cancers, including premenopausal breast cancer. In fact, it may be one of the factors that are responsible for the association between height and breast cancer. More research is needed to verify a possible role of insulin-like growth factor 1 in breast cancer development.

Prevention and Lifestyle Factors Exercise

Several studies suggest that regular exercise, particularly vigorous exercise, may offer some modest protection against breast cancer. Exercise can help reduce body fat, which in turn lowers levels of cancer-promoting hormones such as estrogen. Exercise can also help women who have been diagnosed with breast cancer. Studies indicate that both aerobic and weight training exercises benefit the body and the mind, and improve quality of life for breast cancer survivors. Even moderate exercise can help improve survival. A 2005 study in the Journal of the American Medical Association reported survival benefits for women diagnosed with breast cancer who walked 3 – 5 hours per week at an average pace.

Dietary Factors

Image result for multivitamins diets

Much research has targeted the role of diet in breast cancer, either as a risk factor or as a factor for patients already diagnosed with cancer.

Fats: Although some studies have found an association between high-fat intake and breast cancer, the most recent data suggest that fat from any source (vegetable oils or animal products) plays an insignificant role in increasing the risk for breast cancer. According to some studies, monounsaturated fats (found in olive, peanut, and canola oils) may even be protective.

Vitamins and Chemicals in Fruits and Vegetables. Many fresh fruits and vegetables contain chemicals that may be cancer fighters. Experts are investigating whether any specific vitamins, nutrients, or teams of them may be specifically valuable.

Examples include:

Isothiocyanates stimulate enzymes that convert estrogen to a more benign form and may block steroid hormones that promote breast and prostate cancers. They are found in broccoli, cabbage, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, collards, kale, kohlrabi, mustard greens, rutabaga, turnips, and bok choy.

  • Polyphenols, found in apples, onions, and green tea, may be beneficial, although this is controversial. (Chemicals in green tea in particular have been studied for cancer-fighting effects in breast cancer.)
  • Lycopene, found in tomatoes may have cancer-fighting properties.
  • There is some evidence that foods containing folate (folic acid) may be protective. It is found in avocado, bananas, orange juice, asparagus, fruits, green leafy vegetables, dried beans and peas, and yeast. It is also added to commercial grain products.
  • Low levels of vitamin D may increase breast cancer risk, especially in older women. Vitamin D is activated by sunlight and obtained from fortified milk.
  • Foods high in vitamin C have also been associated with a lower risk (although there is not evidence of protection from any vitamin supplements, including C or E).

Dairy Products and Other Protein Foods. Studies suggest that dairy products may also play a protective role in premenopausal women. If this is eventually verified, it is not clear if protection comes from calcium and vitamin D in these foods or if there are others factors involved. Women who increase their intake should choose low- or no-fat dairy products.

One study reported that women with breast cancer who had a high intake of protein from both poultry and dairy products had a better outlook than those with a lower intake of these foods. In this study, red meat appeared to have no effect one way or the other. Other studies, however, have found a higher risk of breast cancer in women who consume higher quantities of flame-broiled meats, particularly women who are sensitive to chemicals released during the process. Fish may offer some protection.

Iron. Animal studies have linked a higher incidence of breast cancer with iron-rich diets, and in humans, high iron stores have been associated with a higher risk for breast cancer. Estrogen appears to increase iron levels in cells, and iron produces oxidants (damaging particles) that are associated with cancer. More research is needed to confirm these findings, however.

Soy and Phytoestrogens

  

Phytoestrogens are estrogen-like substances found in plant products. These include soybeans, black cohosh (an herb), whole wheat, berries, and flaxseed. In general, the evidence on their effects on breast cancer is unclear.

Most research has focused on soy. In general, Asian women have a lower incidence of reproductive and breast cancers as well as a higher intake of soy. For example, a 2000 Asian study reported an association between high levels of soy compounds in the urine and a significantly lower risk for breast cancer. A 2001 study in China reported that high soy intake during adolescence was associated with a lower risk for breast cancer later on.

The effects of phytoestrogens, however, in all cases are far from settled. Of concern are studies that report breast cell proliferation with low levels of genistein (one of the important isoflavones compounds in soy). In one study, the compound actually reversed the protective properties of tamoxifen, a drug used to prevent breast cancer in high-risk women. In general, women at risk for breast cancer, especially women who take hormone replacement therapy, should avoid consuming large amounts of plant products with high levels of phytoestrogens until more is known about their effects.

Avoiding Alcohol

Several studies have reported a higher risk for breast cancer in women who consume alcohol. A well-conducted 2003 analysis of many of these studies suggested that for every daily drink there was a 7% increase in breast cancer. By age 80, women who consumed two drinks a day had a 10% increased risk for developing breast cancer. Based on these findings, researchers suggested that about 4% of breast cancer cases in developed nations may be attributed to alcohol. (Women who drink and who take hormone replacement therapy have an even greater risk.) Some research indicates that alcohol in such amounts increases levels of growth factors that can stimulate breast cancer cells. However, light to moderate drinking has benefits for the heart that most likely outweigh the cancer risk in most women who have no other risk factors for breast cancer or alcohol abuse.

Breastfeeding

Several studies have reported that breastfeeding is associated with a lower risk for cancer in premenopausal women. Some studies also suggest that some protective effect from breastfeeding may last beyond menopause. Studies also indicate that the longer the mother breastfeeds, the better. In fact, some experts believe the high rates of breast cancer in developed countries may be partly due to a lack of or shorter duration of breastfeeding.

BREAST ANATOMYThe female breast lies between the 2nd and the 6th ribs, between the edge of thesternum and midaxillary line. The nipple and the areola are exactly in the center but are somewhat lateral to the center of the breast. Sebaceous glands on the areola (glands of Montgomery) appear as small round elevations.
Structure
Image result for breasts structure

The breast is located in front of the chest, one on each side of the midline. The nipple lies just below the center of the breast. The skin surrounding the base of the nipple is darker than the complexion of the woman and is known as the areola. The glands situated in this region lubricate the nipple and areola during lactation and prevent them fromcracking.

For better description, the breast is divided into four quadrants by horizontal and vertical lines crossing at the nipple. In addition a tail of breast tissue frequently extends toward or into the armpit (axillary tail).


BREAST TISSUE HAS THREE PRINCIPAL COMPONENTS

  • The Glandular tissue is organized into 12 to 20 lobes, each of which terminates in a duct that opens on the surface of the nipple. Each milk-producing gland is drained by a small duct, which in turn drains into the main duct that receives milk from all other glands in that lobe. This main duct opens on the surface of the nipple. In between the lobes is present the fibrofatty tissue which gives the breast it’s characteristic contour.
  • The fibrous tissue, supporting the glandular tissue, in form of suspensory ligaments that connect both the skin and to fascia underlying the breast.
  • Fat is the predominant component and surrounds the breast.

The proportions of these components vary with age, the general state of nutrition,pregnancy, and other factors.

The male breast consists chiefly of a small nipple and areola.

INVESTIGATIONS & DIAGNOSIS

For diagnosis of cause of absent or small breast we do following tests.

Complete hormone profile: LH, FSH, total testosterone, Prolactin, Androstenidione, SHBG, 17 HYDROXYPROGESTERONE, DHEAS, Estradiol, Progesterone, Suppression & Stimulation Tests, Karyotype, Genetic testing, Choromosome analysis, Pro. Challenge test,

High Resolution Ultrasound, Mammography, E2 CHALLENGE TEST, Diagnostic Therapeutic Response Test.

Treatment Options for Breast Enlargement

Before starting treatment for enlargement of breast all above causes are investigated and proper diagnosis is made. Then we test whether breast enlargement is possible or not.

First We Test Whether Breast Enlargement Is Possible Or Not 

After above investigation we make the decision about whether breast enlargement possible or not. We prescribe the hormone treatment only if the above investigations suggest for the scope of further breast enlargement.

Diagnostic Therapeutic Response Test

This procedure is required in some patient, if above test still does not clarifies of the possibility of breast enlargement. For this hormone & other treatment is given for three month in the form of female hormone tablet, local hormone application at breast skin, or vaginal gels & additional other therapy. If breast enlarges in size i.e. it grows in size by more than 2 cm in these three months, it means breast of that patient has potential for further growth. Once it is decided by above test that breast has potential for further growth, in such patient further courses of hormone therapy is given. By few courses of hormone treatment breast enlarges to normal size in approximately one year time. By this therapy breast size as well its consistency in firmness also increases. Thus breast becomes large in size, more attractive & develops firm protruding look. This breast enlargement treatment is very effective in those patient’s in whom investigations & physical examination shows significant abnormality. Thus most patients achieve fully normal breast. As breast size increases in size patient’s confidence increases and feeling of well-being is achieved.

How this treatment works

When we give below-mentioned hormones by any of the below-mentioned routes. The concentration of these hormones in blood circulation rises. This leads to binding of more hormones on estrogen receptors of breast. After binding with receptors these hormones leads to certain changes in the breast tissue. This leads to multiplication of breast tissue leading to further growth. This continued multiplication of breast tissue leads to further breast growth. This continued multiplication of breast tissue under the effect of above mentioned hormone treatment continues till breast size normalizes. Usually in one-year time breast size as well as texture i.e. firmness normalizes. Unluckily most doctors have less knowledge about hormone treatment for this problem & also they think the problem of small breast as more of cosmetic problem so that they neither investigate the patient nor give hormone or other medical therapy for breast growth.

Various therapeutic options of breast enlargement are available as:

This treatment can be either:
a. Hormone & Other Medicine Therapy: available as pills, hormonal skin patches or vaginal creams & other adjuvant drugs are prescribed
OR
b. Surgical therapy: Breast enlargement surgeries, Hormone & Medicine Treatment of Small Breast. We start medical treatment only when above tests shows that breast has capacity to enlarge. It is given in the form replacement of female hormones & other hormone as growth hormone & growth factor replacement. These hormones can be given in the form of oral tablets, skin patches, ointments, gel or creams.
As this treatment has no side effects, is economical and easy to take either as oral tablets, skin patches, or as gel, thus it is most preferred form of breast enlargement therapy.

The various Treatment options are: 
Treatment of specific disease: Once the cause for absent or small breast is found by above tests then treatment started. Abnormalities of the pituitary and abnormalities in the adrenal glands can be treated by appropriate medicines. Normally patient starts getting improvement in breast size in three to six months.
The various drugs which are required are as follows:

1) Female hormones replacement: The replacement of female hormones is one of the common treatments for breast enlargement. The various female hormones are as follows:
a) Estradiol
b) Conjugated equine estrogen
c) Estriol
d) Natural estrogens
e) Prohormones
f) Estrogen skin patches
g) Estrogen vaginal creams
h) Medroxyprogesterone
i) Oral E & P Combination Pill
j) Desgestro
k) Megestrol
L) Norethisterone
N) Hydroxyprogesterone

2) Growths Hormones Therapy: Growth hormone is given when somatotropin deficiency is found & that was cause of small breast..
3) IGF-1 therapy: is given when somatomedin-c deficiency is the cause.
4) Gonadotropin therapy is also very effective in breast enlargement in many patient.
5) Gonadotropin releasing hormone therapy is effective in many cases of under developed breast.
6) Medicine to increase the fat in breast tissue & body.

But unluckily many doctors do not take the problem seriously leading to patient not given proper treatment. Thus many patients remain having small size of breast & associated lifelong inferiority complex.

Response of Medical Treatment

In properly selected patient, when any of above treatment is started the response is very good & has no side effects. In many scientific studies when the above treatment started breast size increases from previous size of hardly visible breast to as big as 36 inches & in some even larger size of 38 or 40 inches. Thus the trial of treatment should be given to all patients with small breast before asking them to go for surgery. It has no side effects if given in proper disease and in-patients when it is really indicated.

Breast Enlargement Surgery 

Surgical Treatment is required when medicine are not effective then there are various surgical procedures which can lead long lasting good size firm breast. Our Cosmetic surgeon performs all breast increasing surgery.

Female Hormone Deficiency

Female Hormone Deficiency (Hypogonadism) is called when female hormone estradiol is less in body. The symptoms of female hormone deficiency are: menstrual irregularity, small breast, decreased desire for sex, dryness of vagina or pain during intercourse.

Cause of female hormone deficiency are hypothalamic disease, pituitary failure, L.H., F.S.H deficiency, prolactin excess, functional, hypothalamic amenorrhoea, defective egg formation or no egg formation at all or ovarian failure due to many of the causes. (hypogonadotropic hypogonadism). Craniopharyngioma, Germinoma, Hamartoma, Hand Schuller Christan disease, Teratoma, Endodermal, sinus tumors, metastatic carcinoma, Infection and other disorders : Tuberculosis, Syphilis, Encephalitis/meningitis, sarcoidosis, kallmann syndrome, idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, Chronic debilitating disease, Pituitary other hormone-screening pituitary tumors (ACTH, thyrotropin-stimulating hormone, growth hormone), non-functional tumors (craniophyaryngioma), Metastatic carinoma, Space-occupying lesions : Empty sella syndrome, Arterial aneuysm, Necrosis : Sheehan syndrome, Panhypopituitarism, Inflammatory /infiltrative : Sarcoidosis, Hemachoromatosis. Gonadal agenesis, Gonadal dysgenesis, Turner syndrome 45, X, Mosaicism, Pure gonadal dysgenesis, 46, XX, 46,XX (Swyer syndrome), Ovarian enzymatic deficiency as 17a-Hydroxylase deficiency, 17, 20-Lyase deficiency, Premature Ovarian failure : Idiopathic – premature menopause, injury, mumps oophoritis, radiation, chemotherapy, Resistant ovary (Savage syndrome), Autoimmune disease, Galactosemia.

Investigation: For diagnosis of cause of absent or small breast we do following tests.

Complete hormone profile: LH, FSH, total testosterone, Prolactin, Androstenidione, SHBG, 17 HYDROXYPROGESTERONE, DHEAS, Estradiol, Progesterone, Suppression & Stimulation Tests, Karyotype, Genetic testing, Choromosome analysis, Pro. Challenge test, High Resolution Ultrasound, Mammography, E2 CHALLENGE TEST, Diagnostic Therapeutic Response Test.

Treatment: After finding out the cause various hormone defects are corrected. Some short cause of female hormone is given. After treatment of approximately six months body starts forming hormone itself in many cases. Breast development starts uterus starts growing. In next three one year complete development of female sex character develops & menstrual period starts.

1) Female hormones replacement: The replacement of female hormones is one of the common treatments for breast enlargement. The various female hormones are as follows:
a) Estradiol
b) Conjugated equine estrogen
c) Estriol
d) Natural estrogens
e) Prohormones
f) Estrogen skin patches
g) Estrogen vaginal creams
h) Medroxyprogesterone
a) Desgestrol
b) Megestrol
c) Norethisterone
d) Hydroxyprogesterone
e) Oral E & P Combination Pill

2) Gonadotropin therapy is also very effective in breast enlargement in many patient.

3) Gonadotropin releasing hormone therapy is effective in many cases of under developed breast.

Response of Treatment: After treatment of approximately six months body starts forming hormone itself in many cases. Breast development starts uterus starts growing. In next three one year complete development of female sex character develops & menstrual period starts.

Breast development at early age (Precocious Puberty) 

Precocious Puberty :Breast development alone or additional sexual development may occur at early age early age (termed as Precocious Puberty).
Causes: 
If puberty occurs early then there is risk that her height may remain short & some psychological problem may occur. Sometimes their may be risk of sexual exploitation by others as child is still innocent even with good sexual development.

After hormone testing the particular hormone defect is corrected leading to disappearance of breast & pubic hair. Later breast development & menstrual period comes at right time. So In all such cases one should try to find out exact cause of hormone disorder & then treatment should be started there are many suppressant hormone i.e. GnRH analogues which when given to girls then breast & of pubic hair regresses back.

Causes of Precocious Puberty

This can be due to increase in female hormone at very young age due to:
Ovarian cause, or due to pituitary-hypothalmic disorder as hypothalmic harmartoma, ovarian tumors, congenital adrenal hyperplasia & adrenal tumour & other CNS disorder. It can be due to idiopathic central precocious puberty (i.e. true) or pseudo precocious puberty. Other causes are premature thelarche, & premature pubarche.

Central (GnRH) driven : Idiopathic (sporadic or familial), Central nervous system abnormalities,Acquired (Abscess, chemotherapy, granulomas, hypothalamic hamartomas, sept-optic dysplasia, suprasellar cyst.Tumor (LH-secreting adenoma, astrocytoma, slioma (may be associated with neurofibromatosis), crainpharyngiomas, ependymomas.
Secondary to chronic exposure to sex steroid (causes of peripheral puberty, CVAH, GIP, tumors) Reversible forms : space-occupying or pressure-associated lesions (Abscess, hydrocephalus) Peripheral (GnRH independent) : Genetic disorders (mutations) , Congenial virlizing adrenal hyperplasia (CVAH), males, Gonadotropin-independent puberty (GIP), males, McCune-Albright syndrome.
Tumors : Adrenal sex steroid secreting (adenoma, carcinoma), gonadotropin-producing (choriocarcinoma, chorioepithelioma, dysgerminoma, hepatoblastoma, hepatoma, teratoma) Ovarian (granulose cell, may be associated with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome); granulose, theca cell Testicular (Leydig Cell)

Limited or reversible forms : Chronic, primary hypothyroidism, CVAH, Exogenous sex steroid or gonadotropins, Ovarian cysts.

Variants of normal development : Premature pubarche (Secondary to premature adrenarche), Premature thelarche.

Investigations & Diagnosis:

For diagnosis of cause of absent or small breast we do following tests.
Complete hormone profile: LH, FSH, total testosterone, Prolactin, Androstenidione, SHBG, 17 HYDROXYPROGESTERONE, DHEAS, Estradiol, Progesterone, Suppression & Stimulation Tests, Karyotype, Genetic testing, Choromosome analysis, Pro. Challenge test, High Resolution Ultrasound, Mammography, E2 CHALLENGE TEST, Diagnostic Therapeutic Response Test, MRI.

Treatment Options for Early Puberty 

Treatment of specific disease: Once the cause for early sexual development is found by above tests then treatment started. Abnormalities of the pituitary and abnormalities in the adrenal glands can be treated by appropriate medicines. Normally patient starts getting decrease in breast size in three to six months.
The various drugs which are required are as follows:

1) Female hormones suppressant: GnRH analogues as triptorelin’ ,naferelin, Gonadorelin, testolactone, MEdroxy progesterone
Some times surgery may also be required

Response of treatment: Normally in three month breast size starts decreasing including pubic hair regresses. This treatment may be continued till the child puberty needs to be deferred. The moment we stop the treatment normal pubertal & sexual development resumes.

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EXERCISES & MASSAGE FOR FULLER BREAST

Exercises for Breast Enhancement and Enlargement

  

Probably you often saw TV shows when women agreed to surgery in order to dramatically change their breast profile. In reality you don’t need that painful surgery to achieve lifted bust.

In order to avoid droop and make your bust lift, you just have to start workouts that work pectoral muscles underneath your breasts. As a result, sagging will pass away, and your upper body will become stronger.

If you will do these exercises 2-3 times a week, in 4 weeks already your posture will become perkier!

Half Push-Up

  1. Place hands shoulder-width apart on bench. Balance on hands and balls of feet so body forms a straight line.
  2. Bend elbows and lower body half the distance to bench (6 to 8 inches). Hold for 30 seconds, and then press back up to start. Do 3 to 5 reps.

Crisscross Press

  1. Hold a 3- to 8-pound dumbbell in each hand and lie faceup on bench (or on a mat on the floor) with knees bent, feet flat on bench. With arms out at sides, bend elbows so upper arms are at shoulder level and palms are facing forward.
  2. Contract chest and press weights up so that left wrist crosses over right. Lower to start. On next rep, cross right wrist over left. Continue alternating crisscrosses for 8 to 16 reps.

Chest Expander

For this chest stretch, sit tall on bench with arms extended in front of chest, fingertips touching. Squeeze shoulder blades together and reach right arm up and out as left arm goes down and out so arms form a diagonal line (pictured). Hold for 30 seconds. Return to start and switch arm positions to repeat the stretch.

Quick Tip

While doing these exercises, keep your shoulders down and back, abs tight, and torso long and straight so you really feel your chest muscles working. Rounding your shoulders forward is a no-no because it can strain your neck and shoulders.

Enhance Your Bust

Exercising is a good way to keep your breasts full and beautifully shaped. In certain cases the breast size can increase, because of the muscle growth underneath the breasts. But even if your bust will not grow with regular working out, the shape will definitely improve and the sagginess will disappear. Exercises will increase the blood flow in your breasts, will tone up your skin and will produce a lifting effect to your bust area. Another benefit is stronger back muscles which will result in better posture.

Exercise 1

Standing on your toes, start quickly stretching your arms up, one after the other, as if catching something above your head. This exercise stretches the upper part of your body, warms up your muscles and straightens your spine.

Exercise 2

Bend forward, keeping your body parallel to the floor. Wave your hands left and right, following the movement with your head. This exercise relaxes chest muscles and strengthens the neck and back muscles.

Exercise 3

Bring your palms together in front of your breasts and push them against each other. You can also do it with a tennis ball. This exercise works directly on your chest muscles, as well as your arms, shaping them beautifully.

Exercise 4

Stand straight with your arms raised on the sides to shoulder level and with the palms facing up. Cross the arms in front of your chest and then pull back to the original position. Do it fast and keep your arms straight.

Exercise 5

Standing straight bring your arms to shoulder level on each side. Do circles with your arms straight, clockwise and then anticlockwise.

Exercise 6

Lie on the floor face down. Bring your hands together behind your head. Lift your head, arms and chest off the floor as far as possible and hold the position for a couple of seconds.

Exercise 7

Stand against the wall with your legs in line with shoulders. Make sure that your toes face straight to the wall and keep your back straight. Put your hands against the wall and do push-ups.

Exercise 8

Lie on your stomach with your ankles crossed. Bend your elbows and place your palms on the floor a bit to the side and in front of your shoulders. Straighten your arms and lift your body while keeping your knees on the floor, hold for a moment and go down slowly with the entire body.

These three easy moves will help you meet all of life’s everyday demands and lift and shape your upper half, too

Stability Wall Press

Stand 3 to 4 feet from wall, with hands on stability ball pressed against wall at shoulder height.

Slowly bend elbows out to sides and lower chest toward ball. (It’s okay if heels come off floor.) Press back until arms are straight. Do 10 to 12 reps.

Chest Opener

Kneel, sitting on heels, and clasp hands behind head. Sit tall and gently roll shoulders back so that you feel chest widening. Hold for three breaths and repeat.

Hand Walk

Place hands directly under shoulders on center of 6-inch step. Straighten arms and walk feet back until body forms straight line from head to heels.

Lift and plant left hand on floor 6 to 10 inches to left of step. Shift weight to left, then lift and plant right hand on floor to the right of left hand. Return to start, placing right hand and then left back on step. Repeat to right side of step, starting with right hand. Continue, alternating sides, for 10 to 12 reps.

Don’t…

…stick your butt up in the air.

Massage for Breast Enhancement and Enlargement

Massage is one of the oldest techniques for breast enhancement and enlargement.  It is also the cheapest one and gives you more control over your body – in case one of your breasts is smaller than the other you can massage the smaller one to eliminate the difference. Also, the increase of blood circulation brings more nutrients to the massaged area, resulting in better skin tonus and better shaped breasts. When using breast enlarging creams and certain oils the effect is increased and fuller bust is more likely

There are several known techniques of breast massage. Choose the one that suits you best or use the combination. But remember that all the movements have to be soft and gentle and that no way your breasts should hurt after the session. The results will not come faster if you apply more force. Also, while doing massage, always avoid nipple area.

Image result for breast massage

  1. Apply breast enhancing cream or oil on your breasts.
  2. Warm up your breasts by gently sliding your hands around them in circular motion. Keep your fingers together.
  3. Moving in circles, start pinching breasts a little bit.
  4. Using your three longest fingers pressed together, start gently pushing on the skin underneath your breasts and also around them for a couple of minutes.
  5. Finish by sliding your hands in circles again, slowly and gently.

Method 2

This method is a little bit more complicated, because it is based on acupressure. It may take some time to find the right spots correctly. This massage is done using small balls, like table tennis balls, for example.

  1. Count 13 cm up from your solar plexus. Move 2 cm to the sides from this point. Massage the 2 points with the balls for 30 seconds, by pressing the balls to the points and rolling them on one place.
  2. Stop for 30 seconds.
  3. Repeat step 1, massaging the points for 1 minute this time.
  4. Take one ball in to your hand, press it between your palms and roll it.
  5. Next, massage the point between your thumb and index finger in the same way as you did before, on both hands.
  6. Finally, put the balls on the floor and roll them with your feet.

Method 3

 

LYMPHATIC BREAST MASSAGE

To specifically effect lymph in massage, it is necessary to pump in a specific direction, at a specific pace. This mimics the natural action of the lymphatic system.

Lymphatic Breast Massage is easy to learn. It is different than just massaging your breast because you will specifically move the breast in a way that mimics how lymph moves in the body.

We will use a pumping movement where we move the breast using some light pressure and then release the breast gently, allowing it to return to it’s normal position.

Each moves and returns counts as one pump. Using the lymphatic breast massage model, the most important idea is to keep the lymphatic fluid moving in this area.

Below are simple steps to use for lymphatic breast massage. (Use these instructions with the illustration below.)

  • Put your hand in your armpit and push inward and upward. Go deep into the armpit. Pump upward and release. Do this ten to twenty times.
  • Grab your entire breast and move it upward toward the armpit. If your breasts are large, this may take more than one hand position.
  • Do this ten times.

Grab your breast and pump directly inward toward the chest wall. Do this five times.

Holding your breast stable, pump the upper inner quadrant of your breast up toward your neck. Do this five times.

You can do the pumping more than the recommended number of times if you like.

We apologize that it may be difficult to explain these movements verbally without showing you movements.

Please note that the lymphatic system has a one way valve so you cannot pump it backward by mistake and cause harm.

Remember, when working on your breast tissue:

  • Focus on creating movement.
  • Don’t worry too much about proper direction.
  • This pumping action is different than massage.
  • As you move the breast in the initial direction, use some pressure.
  • Then release and let the breast return to its normal position. It becomes a pumping action.
  • On the move up, use pressure and then release to allow the breast back.
  • This mimics and enhances the natural movement of the lymph system.